2002) Differences in electromyographic activity in the multifidus muscle and the iliocostalis
lumborum between healty subject and patiens with sub-acute and chronic low back pain.
Differences in electromyographic activity in the multifidus muscle and the iliocostalis
lumborum between healthy subjects and patients with sub-acute and chronic low back pain.
The lumbar fibres of iliocostalis
lumborum and longissimus thoracis are more angulated relative to the vertebral column than the multifidus or the upper erector spinae, with a substantial increase in obliquity towards the L4-L5 region (Macintosh and Bogduk 1991).
Similarly, a very small increase (1-3% of maximal voluntary contraction) in lumbar multifidus, iliocostalis
and thoracic longissimus muscle activity at [L.
La leve orientacion caudal de los procesos transversos, observada en todos los filotinos, indicaria una accion restringida de los musculos que se insertan en esta estructura (Mm longissimus cervicis, scalenus, iliocostalis
y levator scapulae dorsalis) y que participan en la extension y flexion del cuello (Argot, 2003).
1997) demonstrated that the multifidus has more activity than the iliocostalis lumborum during Biering-Sorensen testing.
We are aware that we may also be interpreting signals from iliocostalis lumborum and multifidus and in this paper refer to the observed EMG activity as ULES.
The multifidus (a component of LLES activity in this study) has been reported to fatigue at a faster rate than the iliocostalis lumborum (Ng et al.
Although some authors do mention the presence of lumbar muscles and fascia, specifi cally the quadratus lumborum, multifi dus and iliocostalis lumborum (Collee et al.
In fact different bands of the ligament appear to be derived from the quadratus lumborum and iliocostalis lumborum muscles (Bogduk 1997).
Access from a posterior approach requires palpation through the skin, a substantial amount of subcutaneous tissue, the thoracolumbar fascia, erector spinae aponeurosis, and finally through the iliocostalis lumborum and quadratus lumborum muscles (Frazer 1940; Shellshear and Macintosh 1949) (Figure 4).
The musculature on the right side of the spinal column (multifidus, longissimus and iliocostalis
muscles) remained intact except for any attachments to the posterior portions of the [L.