ileocecal valve

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


a membranous fold in a canal or passage that prevents backward flow of material passing through it.
aortic valve a semilunar valve that separates the left ventricle and the aorta; it opens with end diastole, causing the second heart sound.
atrioventricular v's the cardiac valves between the right atrium and right ventricle (tricuspid valve) and the left atrium and left ventricle (mitral valve).
bicuspid valve mitral valve.
bicuspid aortic valve a congenital anomaly of the aortic valve, caused by incomplete separation of two of the three cusps; it is generally asymptomatic early in life but is predisposed to calcification and stenosis later on.
Braschi valve a one-way valve put into the inspiratory limb of a ventilator circuit in order to measure the intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure.
cardiac v's valves that control flow of blood through and from the heart.
coronary valve a valve at the entrance of the coronary sinus into the right atrium.
flail mitral valve a mitral valve having a cusp that has lost its normal support (as in ruptured chordae tendineae) and flutters in the blood stream.
heart v's cardiac valves.
Heimlich valve a small one-way valve used for chest drainage, emptying into a flexible collection device; the valve prevents return of gases or fluids into the pleural space. The Heimlich valve is less than 13 cm (5 inches) long and facilitates patient ambulation; it can be used in many patients instead of a traditional water seal drainage system.
ileocecal valve (ileocolic valve) the valve guarding the opening between the ileum and cecum.
mitral valve the cardiac valve between the left atrium and left ventricle, usually having two cusps (anterior and posterior). Called also bicuspid valve.
Valves of the heart. The right heart pumps the venous blood into the lungs. The oxygenated blood returns from the lungs into the left atrium and is propelled by the left ventricle into the aorta. The insets show closed valves: the tricuspid valve has three leaflets, whereas the mitral valve has two leaflets. The aortic and pulmonary artery valves have three leaflets and resemble one another except for the fact that the coronary arteries originate from behind the cusps in the aorta. From Damjanov, 1996.
posterior urethral valve any of various types of congenital folds across the proximal part of the male urethra near the seminal colliculus, the most common cause of urethral obstruction in male infants.
pulmonary valve (pulmonic valve) the pocketlike cardiac valve that protects the orifice between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
pyloric valve a prominent fold of mucous membrane at the pyloric orifice of the stomach.
semilunar v's the cardiac valves that have semilunar cusps; see aortic valve and pulmonary valve.
thebesian valve coronary valve.
tricuspid valve the cardiac valve guarding the opening between the right atrium and right ventricle.
valve of vein (venous v's) any of the small cusps or folds found in the tunica intima of many veins, serving to prevent backflow of blood.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ileal papilla

seen in the cadaver as a bilabial prominence of the terminal ileum protruding into the large intestine at the cecocolic junction; in a living person, it appears as a truncated cone with a star-shaped orifice.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

il·e·al or·i·fice

(il'ē-ăl ōr'i-fis) [TA]
The opening of the terminal ileum into the large intestine at the transition between the cecum and the ascending colon.
Synonym(s): ileocecal valve, ileocolic valve, ileocolic vein, ostium ileale.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Gaspard, Swiss anatomist, 1560-1624.
Bauhin gland - one of the small mixed glands deeply placed near the apex of the tongue on each side of the frenulum. Synonym(s): anterior lingual gland
Bauhin valve - Synonym(s): ileocecal valve


Nicholas (Nicolaus Tulpius), Dutch anatomist, 1593-1674.
Tulp valve - the bilabial prominence of the terminal ileum into the large intestine at the cecocolic junction as seen in cadavers. Synonym(s): ileocecal valve


Constantius (Costanzio), Italian anatomist and physician, 1543-1575.
pons varolii - in neuroanatomy, the part of the brainstem between the medulla oblongata caudally and the mesencephalon rostrally. Synonym(s): pons
valve of Varolius - the bilabial prominence of the terminal ileum into the large intestine at the cecocolic junction as seen in cadavers. Synonym(s): ileocecal valve
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
When ileocecal valve syndrome is associated with a functional type of problem, it may present with mild tissue edema, altered mucus secretions in the area, spasm of either the circular or longitudinal muscles of the intestine and contractions of the valvular component.
First, regarding the location, the lesion in this case was located 130 cm from ileocecal valve and was 50 cm from the ligament of Treitz.
We negotiated colonoscope through the ileocecal valve, detected the foreign body in terminal ileum, grasped it with an endoscopic loop, pulled it through the valve, and removed it per anus (Figure 3).
(4) Narrowing or obstruction of the bowels, occurring later in the disease process, most commonly occurs at retroperitoneal sites such as the pyloric antrum, ileocecal valve, and the Pouch of Douglas.
Based on colonoscopy, focal involvement, ileocecal valve deformity, solitary ulcers, large ulcers (ulcer size > 2 cm), and circumferential ulcers were more common in intestinal BD patients (P = 0.003, 0.003, 0.014, 0,013, and 0.003, respectively), while segmental involvement, longitudinal ulcers, a cobblestone or nodular appearance, and pseudo-polyps were more common in CD patients (P = 0.003, 0.008, 0.023, and 0.002, respectively).
The ileocecal valve is the gatekeeper between the small and large intestines.
Less than 1 cm from this mass was a second 5.4-cm mass that circumferentially involved the ileocecal valve and did not grossly invade into the muscularis propria.
The lesion was located 2.5 cm and 3 cm from each of the inner ureteral orifices and 4 cm from the ileocecal valve. Histological examination of the tumour revealed moderately-differentiated colonic adenocarcinoma invading into the submucosa (Fig.
The volvulus occurs in the ascending colon, above the ileocecal valve, and takes one of 2 forms.
Type B1 The 2 appendices are symmetrically placed on either side of the ileocecal valve. Type B2 One appendix arises from the ceacum at the usual site and a second appendix branches from the ceacum the taenia at along the lines of the taenia various distances from the first.
The aneurysm was identified near the root of the mesentery, approximately 2 feet from the ileocecal valve, and measured 3 x 3 cm, as indicated on the CT scan.
4) Take a calcanial contact just medial to the ileocecal valve and exert a counterclockwise torque with a medial to lateral motion.