ileocaecal valve


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Related to ileocaecal valve: ileocecal junction

ileocaecal valve

A smooth muscle ring (sphincter) at the point at which the small intestine ends and the large intestine begins. The caecum is the dilated first part of the colon. This valve exercises some control over the movement of intestinal contents from the part concerned mainly with digestion and absorption and the part concerned mainly with water retention.
References in periodicals archive ?
At colonoscopy, excellent views were obtained to the ileocaecal valve (ICV) and appendix orifice, confirming identification of the caecum.
Microscopy examination showed ileocaecal valve section presenting dense proliferation of large-sized atypical lymphoid cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and one or various irregular nucleoli next to the basal membrane.
Type B1 ("bird-like type"): two appendices located symmetrically on either side of the ileocaecal valve, resembling the normal arrangement in birds.
Meckel's diverticulum is found in 2% of the population, more frequently in males; it is usually 2 foot from the ileocaecal valve and 2 inches in length (the rule of the 2s).
Caecal perforation is a life-threatening complication of large bowel obstruction with a competent ileocaecal valve. It has reported mortality ranging from 34% to 72% in case series [1].
* Total colonic aganglionosis or TCA--Aganglionotic segment extends from the anal canal to at least the ileocaecal valve, doesn't extend proximal bowel beyond 50 cm of the ileocaecal valve.
Type B1 ('bird-like type'): two appendices located symmetrically on either side of the ileocaecal valve, resembling the normal arrangement in birds.
The 'rule of twos' states that a Meckel's diverticulum is 2 inches in length, found 2 feet proximal to the ileocaecal valve, occurs in 2% of the population and causes complications in 2% of those in possession (1).
One mass was palpated within the ileal lumen 50 cm proximal to the ileocaecal valve. There were no adhesions between bowel loops.