essential hypertension

(redirected from idiopathic hypertension)
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es·sen·tial hy·per·ten·sion

[MIM*145500]
hypertension without known cause.

essential hypertension

an elevated systemic arterial pressure for which no cause can be found. It is often the only significant clinical finding. Individuals with elevated blood pressure are at risk for cardiovascular disease. In examining patients with essential hypertension, clinicians consider the complex mechanisms that control blood pressure, such as the arterial baroreflex, body fluid regulators, the renin-angiotensin system, and vascular autoregulation. Also called primary hypertension. See also benign hypertension, malignant hypertension.

essential hypertension

Primary HTN, A condition comprising 90% of all cases of HTN; EH is associated with impaired endothelium-mediated vasodilation, which may play an important role in functional defects of resistance vessels. See Goldblatt kidney, Hypertension, Pheochromocytoma.

es·sen·tial hy·per·ten·sion

(ĕ-senshăl hīpĕr-tenshŭn)
Hypertension with no known cause; accounts for between 90 and 95% of patients diagnosed with hypertension.
Synonym(s): primary hypertension.

essential hypertension

High blood pressure of unknown cause. Also known as primary hypertension. In this context, the term ‘essential’ reflects the original view that the condition was thought to be constitutional-‘of the essence’.

Huchard,

Henri, French physician, 1844-1910.
Huchard disease - hypertension that occurs without preexisting renal disease or known cause. Synonym(s): essential hypertension
Huchard sign - when patients with hypertension change from standing to supine position, the heart rate drop is less than that for normotensive patients.

es·sen·tial hy·per·ten·sion

(ĕ-senshăl hīpĕr-tenshŭn) [MIM*145500]
Hypertension with no known cause; accounts for between 90% and 95% of patients.
Synonym(s): primary hypertension.
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