idiopathic epilepsy

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to idiopathic epilepsy: cryptogenic epilepsy, symptomatic epilepsy

id·i·o·path·ic ep·i·lep·sy

1. an epilepsy without evident cause; term often used to describe the genetic epilepsies;

idiopathic epilepsy

(1) Seizure disorder; epilepsy, see there. 
(2) Generalised tonic-clonic seizure disorder; gran mal seizure.


paroxysmal transient disturbances of nervous system function resulting from abnormal electrical activity of the brain. It is not a specific disease, but rather a group of signs that are manifestations of any of a number of conditions that overstimulate the brain. Such signs include episodic impairment or loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena or convulsions, psychic or sensory disturbances or perturbation of the autonomic nervous system. The term is often used interchangeably with seizures or convulsions.
There are several methods for classifying the various types of epilepsy. On the basis of origin, epilepsy is idiopathic (cryptogenic, essential, genetic) or symptomatic (acquired, organic). Symptomatic epilepsy has a physical cause, for example, brain tumor, injury to the brain at birth, a wound or blow to the head, or an endocrine disorder.

autonomic epilepsy
see visceral epilepsy (below).
cortical epilepsy
seizures originating from a discrete focus in the cerebrum. Called also partial seizures.
idiopathic epilepsy
no cause can be diagnosed during life and no lesions are demonstrable at autopsy. The diagnosis is made by ruling out all extracranial and other intracranial causes. In dogs, this disorder occurs most frequently in certain breeds, particularly German shepherd dogs, miniature poodles, Keeshonds, Tervuren shepherds and Beagles, in which it is regarded as an inherited trait. Generalized seizures begin occurring at a young age, typically from 1 to 3 years; the affected dog is otherwise normal. Called also true epilepsy.
In affected cattle seizures occur from 2 to 3 months of age. A form of idiopathic epilepsy has been recorded in horses.
Jacksonian epilepsy
myoclonic epilepsy
visceral epilepsy
a visceral response to a focus of irritation in the cerebral cortex, usually vomiting and diarrhea. Called also autonomic epilepsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Children with SE scored higher than those with idiopathic epilepsy for the total difficulties and the 4 difficulties subscale, but lower on the prosocial behaviour subscale.
Prevalence of idiopathic epilepsy was high in childhood populations of the Krasnoyarsk region and the Tuva Republic.
Nearly 60% to 70% of all patients have idiopathic epilepsy.
There are two main types of condition - idiopathic epilepsy which may be may be genetic or caused by problems before birth, and symptomatic epilepsy, resulting from damage to the brain by injury, infection or tumour.
Evalution of Homocysteine, Folic Acid and Vitamin B12 Levels among Egyptian Children with Idiopathic Epilepsy.
Idiopathic epilepsy and primary generalized seizures are rare in elderly who have seizure onset after 60 years of age.
storage disorders), idiopathic epilepsy in which there is no apparent cause, cancer, cysts, vascular accidents, malformations, encephalitis and head trauma.
observed elevated mean serum testosterone and DHEAS levels and elevated individual testosterone levels above normal in some women with idiopathic epilepsy before VPA treatment (28).
AI have dealt with idiopathic epilepsy (epilepsy of unknown cause) numerous times.
Claire, the legal eagle at Middlesbrough's My Sister's Place, admits she hit the bottom of a black hole of despair when doctors diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy in March.

Full browser ?