idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

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idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

Cardiology '…primary myocardial disease of unknown cause characterized by left ventricular or biventricular dilatation (sic) and impaired myocardial contractility'. See Actin, Dilated cardiomyopathy.

idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

Abbreviation: IDC
Cardiomyopathy of occult or uncertain cause, possibly due to viral infections, unrecognized toxic exposures, or a genetic predisposition, but not to ischemia, hypothyroidism, hypertension, valvular disease, or alcohol abuse.


General supportive therapy includes rest, weight control, abstinence from tobacco, and moderate exercise at a level that does not cause symptoms. A salt-restricted diet is recommended. Therapy includes the use of vasodilators, such as ACE inhibitors, and diuretics like furosemide. Anticoagulants are important to prevent thrombus formation. IDC is a principal indication for cardiac transplant.

See also: cardiomyopathy
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, further larger randomized studies should be undertaken to investigate the morbidity and mortality benefits of ivabradine in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
Effects of pentoxifylline on cytokine profiles and left ventricular performance In patients with decompensated congestive heart failure secondary to idiopathic dilated Cardiomyopathy.
Comment: The results of this study suggest that fish oil supplementation can improve left ventricular function in children with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
Measuring serum aminoterminal type III procollagen peptide, 7S domain type IV collagen, and cardiac troponin T in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and secondary cardiomyopathy.
Causes of heart failure were idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) in 12 patients (8 men and 4 women, ages 31 to 66 years), and ischemic heart disease (ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, ISCDC) in 11 patients (8 men and 3 women, ages 32 to 65 years).
In 137 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, Hohnloser et al.
In the present study, we aimed to assess serum concentrations of selenium (Se), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) in patients with heart failure (HF) and to compare idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients with healthy controls.

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