First, it emphasizes the analytical and conceptual insight that ideologies
are endogenous structures subject to change over time by political actors.
Implicitly or explicitly, ideologies
define what is good or valuable.
First, it gathers extreme as well as more moderate parties whose ideologies
might differ substantially.
For Karl Mannheim both ideology and utopia are distortions of the 'real' that differ in their mode of distortion, in that ideologies
are antiquated modes of belief, products of an earlier, surpassed reality, whilst utopias are in advance of the current reality; "ideologies
are therefore transcendent by virtue of their orientation to the past, whilst utopias are transcendent by virtue of their orientation to the future" (Geoghaegan 124).
the differentiation between "partisan identified" voters (28), termed by Downs "loyalists" (29), who do not take into account policies or ideology but rather vote for the same political formation in a constant manner, "dogmatic" voters (30) who analyze party ideologies
to reduce information costs and voters who analyze policies, who I will subsequently term, for a lack of a better word, "informed voters".
1992; Levant & Fischer, 1998) developed the Male Role Norms Inventory (MRNI) to assess both traditional and nontraditional masculinity ideologies
hinder our ability to see reality clearly, for they usually distort or obscure certain things.
Though these glasses work well to peer into the past, they somehow dull our sight to some of the same ideologies
being played out before us today.
This is an optimistic book despite the strong case made by Barnett that the university exists in a turbulent, risky, supercomplex society and that it is the university itself that has helped spawn the pernicious ideologies
that pervade higher education institutions.
However, there is no way that I can condone or agree with their reported suggestion that ideologies
without faith had in the past led to catastrophe.
As such, like all other social ideologies
that command adherence and respect by the majority of the population because of their emotive content, it is inert in itself and has no historical agency but depends completely on who is using it and to what ends.
Black migration is the most obvious process through which to discern the Southernization of Northern racial paradigms, as Guterl is keenly aware, but the possibility that Western and Midwestern racial ideologies
might have also helped to solidify--even if only by contrast--a national discourse on race goes entirely unexplored.