identical twins


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mon·o·zy·got·ic twins

twins resulting from one zygote that at an early stage of development separated into independently growing cell aggregations giving rise to two individuals of the same sex and identical genetic constitution.

identical twins

Monozygotic twins Twins resulting from the division of a single fertilized egg, which usually share a common chorion and placenta, although usually each may have a separate amnion. Cf Fraternal twins.

mon·o·zy·got·ic twins

(mon'ō-zī-got'ik twinz)
Twins resulting from a single zygote that at an early stage of development becomes separated into independently growing cell aggregations giving rise to two individuals of the same sex and identical genetic constitution.
Synonym(s): enzygotic twins, identical twins.

twin

(twin)
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TWINS: A. Monozygotic twins with one placenta, one chorion, and two amnions. B. Dizygotic twins with two placentas, two chorions, and two amnions
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TWINS: A. Monozygotic twins with one placenta, one chorion, and two amnions. B. Dizygotic twins with two placentas, two chorions, and two amnions
One of two infants born sharing some common anatomical parts. See: illustration; fetus papyraceus; Hellin's law

Incidence

Per 1000 live births, incidence rates for American whites are 1:88; for American blacks, 1:70. Generally, the rates are higher in blacks and East Indians and lower in Northern Europeans.

Research on Twins

Identical and fraternal twins provide a unique resource for investigating the origin and natural history of various diseases and discovering the different rates of environmental and hereditary factors in causing physical and mental disorders. Esp. important are studies that follow the course of identical twins separated shortly after birth and who then grew up in different social, economic, educational, and environmental conditions. In other research, the second-born twin was found to be at increased risk for an unfavorable outcome (e.g., need for intubation and resuscitation, lower 5-min Apgar score), even when delivered by cesarean section.

biovular twins

Dizygotic twins.

conjoined twins

Twins that are united. In some cases, the individuals are joined in a small area and are capable of activity, but the extent of union may be so great that survival is impossible.

dizygotic twins

Twins from two separate, fertilized ova. Synonym: biovular twins; fraternal twins

enzygotic twins

Monozygotic twins.

fraternal twins

Dizygotic twins.

growth discordant twins

The unequal growth of twins while in utero. The smaller twin is at greater risk of having congenital anomalies than is the normal birth-weight twin.
Synonym: unequal twins

identical twins

Monozygotic twins.

impacted twins

Twins so entwined in utero as to prevent normal delivery.

interlocked twins

Twins in which the neck of one becomes interlocked with the head of the other, making vaginal delivery impossible.

monozygotic twins

Twins that develop from a single fertilized ovum. Monozygotic twins have the same genetic makeup and, consequently, are of the same gender and strikingly resemble each other physically, physiologically, and mentally. They develop within a common chorionic sac and have a common placenta. Each usually develops its own amnion and umbilical cord. Such twins may result from development of two inner cell masses within a blastocyst, development of two embryonic axes on a single blastoderm, or the division of a single embryonic axis into two centers.
Synonym: enzygotic twins; identical twins; true twins; uniovular twins

parasitic twin

The smaller of a pair of conjoined twins, when there is a marked disparity in size.

Siamese twins

A culturally insensitive term for conjoined twins.
See: conjoined twin

true twins

Monozygotic twins.

unequal twins

Growth discordant twins.

uniovular twins

Monozygotic twins.

vanishing twin

Fetal resorption in multiple gestation.
See: gestation, multiple

identical twins

Twins derived from the same egg (ovum) which, after the first division, has separated into two individuals. Identical twins thus have the same genetics.

identical twins

see MONOZYGOTIC TWINS.
References in periodicals archive ?
surveyed 101 pairs of identical twins and 53 sets of fraternal twins or triplets attending the 2016 Twins Day Festival to learn more.
Poland's syndrome in one identical twin. J Pediatr Orthop.
Here, the notion of doubling encapsulated by identical twins invokes the Freudian notion of the uncanny, 'that species of the frightening that goes back to what was once well known and had long been familiar'.
Even when identical twins watched different videos, their results matched.
The values for the pair of identical twins were compared with the values for the same individuals over time and following orthodontic treatment and with the values for different individuals [10, 11].
Child actors and identical twins Matthew and Anthony |York, in 2001
Lindsey and Karen Davidson are 50-year-old identical twins from Northamptonshire and feature in the book.
The clever science is to see whether identical twins are more similar than non-identical twins in their food preferences.
10 December 2013 - French Eurofins Scientific (EPA:ERF), a provider of bio-analytical testing services, said Tuesday it had developed a test that detects genetic differences between identical twins.
CHICAGO -- Identical twins Kelly McCarthy and Kristen Maurer have shared a lot in their lives, so when one was diagnosed with breast cancer, she urged the other to get tested, too.
IDENTICAL twins Marjorie Gilbert and Winifred Witt have celebrated their 100th birthday.
IDENTICAL twins have appeared in court charged with raping a teenage girl - even though police cannot prove which one carried out the alleged attack.