The presence of these fish species in the stomach contents of ichthyophagous
animals can be distinguished considering these characteristics.
However, with this atlas it may be possible to have a handy visual reference for an easy identification of the diet of ichthyophagous
species of the Sinos river and also adjacent basins with similar fish assemblies.
malabaricus is an ichthyophagous
species of fresh water.
In the past, top predators used to be large sized (> 170 mm SL) ichthyophagous
fish (Garcia de Leon & Perez-Velazco, 1996) and now they are smaller in size (<120 mm SL) planktivorous fish (Chirostoma spp.).
The "lambaris" are food for species of large fish, mammals, reptiles and ichthyophagous
birds and therefore have an important role in the food chain, and are associated with submerged vegetation for both food and shelter (Vilella et al., 2002).
Penguins are fundamentally ichthyophagous
and, therefore, they acquire the parasite through the ingestion of infected fish.
(2005), Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794) and Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus (Spix and Agassiz, 1829), essentially ichthyophagous
in the adult stage, the prevalence and intensity of infection by larvae of Contracaecum were much higher than those observed in this study.
Cichla temensis and Cichla ocellaris represents a significant part of the fish supply in the Estreito region, the third most important for catches in 2000.