iceberg profile


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iceberg profile

The profile of a person with a psychological outlook characterized by more vigor and less tension, depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion than is found in others. This type of affect often is found in elite athletes and others with physically active lifestyles.
See also: profile
References in periodicals archive ?
This pattern of mood states, known as the iceberg profile, has been recognized to distinguish between successful and less successful sport performances (Beedie et al., 2000), especially among open sports of short duration where participants potentially generate self-referenced performance criteria (Hall & Terry, 1995; Terry, 1995), such as skateboarding.
The results of this study were consistent with previous investigations that have suggested that successful performance is characterized by the iceberg profile (Furst et al., 1988; Hagberg et al.
When compared to team athletes involved in rugby (Maynard & Howe, 1987), football (Daiss et al., 1986; McGowan & Shultz, 1989; Simpson & Newby, 1994) and college rodeo (Meyers et al., 1988), rock climbers revealed a more pronounced "iceberg profile" as defined by Morgan (1980).
Psychological characteristics of elite visually impaired athletes: The iceberg profile. Journal of Sport Behavior, 10, 39-46.
Males demonstrated a tendency to be higher in tension, depression, anger, fatigue, confusion, total mood disturbance, but lower in vigor than female telemark skiers, although both genders demonstrated the "iceberg profile" (Morgan, 1980).
Later research by Morgan (1984) identified psychological mood states in athletes and he coined the term "iceberg profile" to reflect a model of mental health deemed necessary for optimal performance.