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Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of radiopaque material.
[hystero- + G. salpinx, a trumpet, + graphō, to write]
hysterosalpingographyA method for evaluating uterine tubal pathology, in which radiocontrast is instilled transcervically into the endometrial cavity and fallopian tubes, followed by fluoroscopy or taking plain films, as a way of defining the uterine cavity and tube.
Evaluation of infertility (e.g., to determine fallopian tube patency), uterine-cavity (e.g., submucosal) leiomyomas, endocervical and endometrial polyps, pelvic tuberculosis, intrauterine adhesion-synequiae, endometrial cancer, congenital malformations (e.g., müllerian duct abnormalities), bicornuate uterus, septate uterus, uterus didelphys, uterine hypoplasia, and DES-induced defects.
Hysterosalpingography has waned in popularity, due to high false-positivity and false-negativity.