hypovolemia


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hypovolemia

 [hi″po-vo-le´me-ah]
abnormally decreased volume of circulating blood in the body; see also hypovolemic shock. adj., adj hypovole´mic.

hy·po·vo·le·mi·a

(hī'pō-vō-lē'mē-ă), Do not confuse this word with hypovolia.
A decreased amount of blood in the body.
Synonym(s): hyphemia
[hypo- + L. volumen, volume, + G. haima, blood]

hypovolemia

/hy·po·vo·le·mia/ (-vōl-ēm´e-ah) diminished volume of circulating blood in the body.hypovole´mic

hypovolemia

[-vōlē′mē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, hypo + L, volumen, whirl; Gk, haima, blood
an abnormally low circulating blood volume. Also spelled hypovolaemia. hypovolemic, adj.

hy·po·vo·le·mi·a

(hī'pō-vŏ-lē'mē-ă)
A decreased amount of blood volume in the body.
Synonym(s): hyphemia, hypovolaemia.
[hypo- + L. volumen, volume, + G. haima, blood]

hypovolemia

abnormally decreased volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body.
References in periodicals archive ?
Brewer TH, Abnormal physiology and biochemistry: hypovolemia, hemoconcentration, hypoalbuminemia.
This combined with intraoperative anaesthetic and surgical losses that are often inadequately replaced, results in hypovolemia with resultant reduced blood flow to the gut.
It is thought that dry forage feeding-induced hypovolemia (decrease in plasma volume) was caused by the accelerated secretion of saliva during the initial stages of feeding in freely drinking large-type goats.
Hypovolemia, exposure to contrast media, NSAID use, and allergic interstitial nephritis either alone or in combination may precede the development of acute renal failure.
Data were generated by asking patients about symptoms they experienced during attacks of HAE; concerns addressed included severity of pain, vomiting, diarrhea, symptoms of hypovolemia, and the course of the attacks.
This result also may indicate that despite hypovolemia, or low blood volume, and altered blood chemistry (Hurton, 2003), horseshoe crabs may be relatively tolerant of the removal of a large amount of blood in the absence of other stressors.
Persons with low cerebral blood flow due to stenosis may have a TIA event precipitated by a hypotensive event, as the author refers to above, or even an episode of hypovolemia.
At trial, the Kauls' medical expert witnesses testified that Sean developed hypoglycemia and hypovolemia during the morning of January 6, and, that had Sean been examined earlier that day he would not have suffered devastating brain injury.
However, in athletes with high sweat sodium concentrations (>100 mmol/L) (63) or high urinary sodium losses from inappropriate AVP secretion and water retention (>400 mOsm/L) (22,23,46) sodium losses may play a secondary role in the pathogenesis of EAH by either of two potential mechanisms: 1) hypovolemia produced by losses of sodium and water from sweating can act as a stimulus to AVP secretion, producing a secondary retention of water, as is seen medically in some cases of diuretic-induced hyponatremia (64); 2) sodium losses themselves can worsen the degree of hyponatremia, although in most cases not nearly as much as water retention (20) when summed up over time.
There have been postmarketing reports of hypovolemia, hypotension, and syncope associated with diarrhea, and of ischemic colitis and other forms of intestinal ischemia in patients on tegaserod.
4) Patients with severe hypovolemia (low cardiac filling process and hypotension (4)) are placed in this position, head down, legs elevated for hemodynamic effects.