Currently, HES is indicated for surgical and trauma patients with hypovolemia
caused by acute blood loss when crystalloids alone are not considered sufficient.
A total of 78 ventilated patients with presumed hypovolemia
and considered for VE were included in the study.
Importantly, we also demonstrated that transfusion of RBC stored for 14 days was not associated with acute clinically significant cardiac, respiratory and pulmonary inflammatory effects in otherwise healthy pigs submitted to hypovolemia
. Subsequent studies are required to assess the pathophysiological consequences of adding RBC transfusion to experimental models of critical illnesses.
Complications of fetal volvulus may include bowel perforation, hypovolemia
, heart failure, pleural and pericardial effusions, or fetal demise [2, 8-10].
The HRS diagnostic criteria devised by the ICA in 1996  are as follows: (1) Scr > 132.6 [micro]mol/L; (2) HRS caused by hypovolemia
, ATN, use of nephrotoxic drugs, inflammation, or chronic kidney disease; and (3) HRS divided into type I and type II HRS according to the pace of deterioration.
Ivaskevicius, "A volume loading test for the detection of hypovolemia
and dehydration," Medicina, vol.
From intraoperative TEE findings, we found that postresection hypotension is almost always associated with hypovolemia
from chronic catecholamine secretion and should be treated by aggressive fluid resuscitation.
In case of hypovolemia
, accumulation of hemosiderin can induce acute tubular necrosis and acute renal failure [4, 6].
Its volume was equal to the bleeding one in order to prevent hypovolemia
. In patients whose total volume of the bleeding was 750 mL or 1000 mL, we removed at first 500 mL of blood, gave 500 mL saline, and then removed 250 mL or 500 mL, respectively, to prevent hypovolemia
Also, adverse cardiovascular events may arise due to fever, vasodilation, hypovolemia
, hypoxia, proinflammatory cytokine elaboration and procoagulant effects (1,15).
Basically, it is the definition of hypoperfusion results seen in abdominal and, sometimes, thoracic structures as a result of circulation guidance from splanchnic circulation to vital organs due to the activation of the sympathetic system post-shock (hypovolemia
These effects are sometimes poorly tolerated when ventricular function is abnormal, and in the presence of mitral or aortic stenosis, or hypovolemia
. A fatality was recorded in the Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths of the United Kingdom in the triennium 1997-1999, when oxytocin 10 IU was administered during the resuscitation of a hypovolemic patient during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery18.