hypovolaemia

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Related to hypovolaemic: hypervolemic

hy·po·vo·le·mi·a

(hī'pō-vŏ-lē'mē-ă)
A decreased amount of blood volume in the body.
Synonym(s): hyphemia, hypovolaemia.
[hypo- + L. volumen, volume, + G. haima, blood]

hypovolaemia

An abnormal reduction in the circulating blood volume from any cause.

hypovolaemia

decrease in the volume of the circulating blood. Under exercise conditions hypovolaemia can develop when the volume of fluid ingested is insufficient to match the sweat loss. See a lso hydration status.

hypovolaemia

; oligaemia reduction in circulating blood volume, due to vasovagal faint, haemorrhage or anaphylaxis; characterized by rise in pulse rate and fall in blood pressure, with increasing blurring of consciousness
References in periodicals archive ?
Greek authorities attributed Mr Rochester's death to hypovolaemic shock - where the blood supply shuts down in the arms and legs - but a post-mortem examination at Dryburn Hospital, Durham, raised questions about his death.
All patients with hypovolaemic (four) or septic shock (eight), or pulmonary injury (six) died.
Inflazyme's lead product Mirococept(R) (formerly APT070) is being considered in a number of indications such as an acute care treatment for hypovolaemic shock.
There is also enough other evidence supporting the view that patients with severe haemoperitoneum and even hypovolaemic shock can be safely managed by laparoscopic surgery.
Manifestations of intestinal obstruction can range from a fairly good appearance with only slight abdominal discomfort and distention to a state of hypovolaemic or septic shock (or both) requiring an emergency operation.
1 It usually results from disturbance in water homoeostasis2 and is classically divided into: hypervolaemic, euvolaemic and hypovolaemic hyponatraemia.
19) However, when a child presents in hypovolaemic shock with anaemia following TBI, other sources of blood loss such as abdominal organ injuries or long bone fractures should be excluded and it is imperative that blood products should be available on standby when young children, in particular infants, are taken to theatre for evacuation of AEDHs.
Vital signs and estimated blood loss in patients with major trauma: testing the validity of the ATLS classification of hypovolaemic shock.
Pulse oximetry requires adequate peripheral perfusion, and is of limited utility in shocked, hypovolaemic and vasoconstricted patients.
Importance of hypovolaemic shock and endoscopic signs in predicting recurrent haemorrhage from peptic ulceration: A prospective evaluation.
Beards et al, 1994 Hypovolaemic ICU Colloid bolus given (14), United Kingdom patients, mechanically prior to cardiac ventilated, with output measurements, pulmonary artery then haemodynamic catheter and femoral parameters measured arterial line.
In addition, this study excludes patients with vascular catheters (either tunnelled or non-tunnelled) to reduce the variable in the patients' hypovolaemic episodes.