hypospadias


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Related to hypospadias: Hypospadias and Epispadias

hypospadias

 [hi″po-spa´de-as]
a developmental anomaly in which the urethra opens inferior to its normal position, usually in males with the opening on the underside of the penis or on the perineum. In perineal hypospadias the opening on the perineum is accompanied by severe deformity of the penis and testes so that the individual has male pseudohermaphroditism.
Hypospadias with chordee. From Dorland's, 2000.
female hypospadias a developmental anomaly in the female in which the urethra opens into the vagina.

hy·po·spa·di·as

(hī'pō-spā'dē-ăs), [MIM*146450]
A developmental anomaly characterized by a defect on the ventral surface of the penis so that the urethral meatus is proximal to its normal location; may be associated with chordee; also a similar defect in the female, in which the urethra opens into the vagina. Compare: epispadias.
[hypo- + G. spaō, to tear or gouge]

hypospadias

Pediatric urology A congenital defect in the positioning of the urethral meatus on the penis or vagina Types Mild male hypospadias–opening is slightly displaced below the tip of the penis; severe male hypospadias, opening is in the female position at the base of the scrotum; the penis has an open gutter under the penis; the penis may be small. See Epispadia, Micropenis/microphallus.

hy·po·spa·di·as

(hī'pō-spā'dē-ăs)
A developmental anomaly characterized by a defect on the ventral surface of the penis so that the urethral meatus (urethral opening) is more proximal than normal; may be associated with chordee; also, a similar defect in the female in which the urethra opens into the vagina.
Compare: epispadias
Synonym(s): urogenital sinus anomaly.
[hypo- + G. spaō, to tear or gouge]

hypospadias

A congenital abnormality of the penis in which the urine tube (URETHRA) opens on the underside of the organ, either at the neck of the bulb (glans) or further back. The prevalence of the condition has doubled in the last 30 years. Hypospadias causes inconvenience in urination and possible infertility, but surgical correction is possible. Tissue culture can be used to provide sheets of artificially grown natural material to line the extended portion of the urethra.

Hypospadias

A congenital deformity of the penis where the urinary tract opening is not at the tip of the glans.
Mentioned in: Circumcision
References in periodicals archive ?
In a study carried out in Oman, all patients with 5-ARD were phenotypically male by birth.10 But they presented with micropenis, with or without hypospadias. In our study patients of 5-ARD presented with the same clinical features.
Group 1: The long "pan-penile" stricture involving the majority of the penile urethra in the setting of previous (and often multiple) hypospadias surgeries, Group 2: The "junctional stricture" with a hypospadias repair deemed acceptable but having a stricture of variable length at the junction of previous hypospadias repair and native urethra, Group 3: Isolated bulbar urethral stricture after hypospadias repair outside of the previously repaired urethra, Group 4: Urethral stricture in the setting of previously untreated hypospadias.
Surgery for correcting hypospadias involves three main steps
Successful surgical correction of true diphallia, scrotal duplication, and associated hypospadias. J Pediatr Surg 2006;41:13-4.
Research Problem, Knowledge Gap and Research Question: There are many studies in global, regional, national and local literature showing separately the counts of urethrocutaneous fistula following Snodgrass and two stage Aivar Bracka procedure for repair of distal penile hypospadias in male children in different populations.
It is tempting to speculate that epigenetic mechanism(s) could also play an important role in the regulation of primary (sensory/signaling) cilium function and the disruption of such mechanism(s) in the spatiotemporal fashion could affect the development of external male genitalia resulting in diphallia and hypospadias.
After approval by our institutional review board, we prospectively enrolled patients between 6 months and 2 years of age with mid-to-distal shaft hypospadias scheduled for elective primary hypospadias repair at our institution between June 2013 and May 2017.
A First: hypospadias, if mild, probably doesn't have to be repaired at all.
A 3-year-old boy referred to our unit for further evaluation of micropenis, penoscrotal hypospadias, and a history of operated unilateral cryptorchidism.
With this approach, a child would no longer need to suffer from complications of the current treatment for hypospadias.