Difficult intubation resulting in surgical repair of esophageal and hypopharyngeal
The prognosis and survival of patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal
carcinoma depend on the size of the lesion, the level of invasion and tumor extension to surrounding structures, the number of metastatic regional lymph nodes, and the development of distant metastasis, since death is often attributed to uncontrolled regional disease associated with local recurrence of the primary tumor.
This difference might be explained with simple observations: PLMA has thicker (double) cuff, it is silicon made (resulting in higher friction against tongue and palatal and hypopharyngeal
mucosa) and it comes with silicon-based wire-reinforced flexible airway conduit, which reduces the amount of force transmission from point of application (bite-block or tube) to the tip.
2008) HGF-induced the activation of Akt and Erk were successfully down regulated by EGCG treatment in oral cavity and hypopharyngeal
Exclusion criteria were as follows: patients with nasopharyngeal, hypopharyngeal
, and esophageal FBs; evidence of asthma, and age above 15 years.
Neutrophilic dermatosis of the dorsal hands associated with hypopharyngeal
rupture secondary to blunt trauma: Presentation, evaluation, and management.
Used for centuries by humans for its health-promoting qualities, royal jelly is a yellowish, viscous secretion from the hypopharyngeal
and mandibular glands of worker bees that nourishes bee larvae of all kinds (i.
PET/CT is recommended in select cases for initial staging in patients with suspected advanced-stage disease, or tumours with a high propensity for spreading (such as naso- and hypopharyngeal
Werner, "Cyfra 21-1 as a serum tumor marker for follow-up of patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal
squamous cell carcinoma," Anticancer Research, vol.
11,17,56-58) In addition, although ectopic expression of miR-375 by transient transfection causes reduction in the proliferation of cervical, hepatocellular, gastric, colorectal, oral, and hypopharyngeal
cancer cells, it stimulates proliferation of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer cells.
Lee TL, Wang LW, Chang PMH, Chu PY Quality of life for patients with hypopharyngeal
cancer after different therapeutic modalities.