hypomanic episode


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Related to hypomanic episode: Mixed episode

episode

 [ep´ĭ-sōd]
a single noteworthy happening in the course of a longer series of events, such as one critical period of several during a prolonged illness.
hypomanic episode a period of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood similar to a manic episode but not as severe; see also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
major depressive episode a period of daily and day-long depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in virtually all activities. Also present is some combination of altered appetite, weight, or sleep patterns, psychomotor agitation or retardation, difficulty thinking or concentrating, lack of energy and fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, self-reproach, or inappropriate guilt, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, and plans or attempts to commit suicide. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
manic episode a period of predominantly elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by some of the following symptoms: inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractibility, hyperactivity, hypersexuality, and recklessness. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.
mixed episode a period during which the criteria are met both for a major depressive episode and for a manic episode nearly every day, with rapidly alternating moods and with symptoms characteristic of each type of episode. See also bipolar disorders and mood disorders.

hypomanic episode

1. a period of several days of elevated or irritable mood involving a lesser degree of some or all the features of a manic episode.
See also: bipolar disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymia.
2. a DSM diagnosis is established when specified criteria are met.
See also: bipolar disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymia.

hypomanic episode

Hypomania Psychiatry A discrete period–≥ 4 days of an abnormal and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritated mood, accompanied by 'ancillary' Sx–eg, ↑ self-esteem, non-delusional grandiosity, flight of ideas, ↑ distractibility, ↓ need for sleep, ↑ in goal-directed activities, or psychomotor agitation. See Bipolar disorder, Manic episode.

hy·po·man·ic ep·i·sode

(hīpō-manik epi-sōd)
Several days of elevated or irritable mood involving a lesser degree of some or all the features of a manic episode.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, if his writing bursts were accompanied by manic or hypomanic episodes, then the risky activity that may have accompanied such excesses of energy may well have been sexual.
Many patients also have little insight into the abnormality of their behaviors during manic or hypomanic episodes and minimize or deny the consequences.
DSM-5 has at least somewhat blurred the distinctions in polarity by way of the new construct of "major depression with mixed features" (see the discussion of MDD above), identifiable even when a person has never had a full manic or hypomanic episode.
13) Patients having a hypomanic episode often feel quite well and may not recognize that there is anything abnormal occurring.
Psychosocial interventions are key components in the effective management of bipolar disorder, especially during depressive or hypomanic episodes and during continuation and maintenance treatment, as patients are more capable of taking in and using new information at these times than they are during manic or mixed episodes.
For example, a patient whose hypomanic episodes last less than 4 days would receive a diagnosis of bipolar disorder NOS rather than bipolar II disorder.
To further confuse matters, a subthreshold hypomanic episode may not be a discrete episode.
The questionnaire asks parents and patients to rate 39 putatively prodromal symptoms that can emerge before the occurrence of a syndromal manic or hypomanic episode.
Neither the safety nor the efficacy of antidepressants with vs without mood stabilizers has been studied systematically in cyclothymic or mood disorder patients who may fall within the so-called bipolar spectrum but have never met DSM-IV criteria for a lifetime manic or hypomanic episode (ie, bipolar disorder not otherwise specified).
the 4-day threshold for a hypomanic episode probably is too long.
This diagnosis may modify your treatment plan because antidepressants could trigger a manic or hypomanic episode.