hypokalemic periodic paralysis

(redirected from hypokalaemic periodic paralysis)

hy·po·ka·le·mic per·i·od·ic pa·ral·y·sis

[type I MIM*170400]
a form of periodic paralysis in which the serum potassium level is low during attacks; onset usually occurs between the ages of 7-21 years; attacks may be precipitated by exposure to environmental cold, high carbohydrate meal, or alcohol, may last hours to days, and may cause respiratory paralysis; autosomal dominant caused by mutation in the muscle dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive calcium channel α-1-subunit (CACNL1A3) on chromosome 1q or X-linked inheritance.

hypokalemic periodic paralysis

Familial periodic paralysis, see there.

hy·po·ka·le·mic per·i·od·ic pa·ral·y·sis

(hī'pō-kă-lē'mik pēr'ē-od'ik păr-al'i-sis)
Periodic paralysis in which the serum potassium level is low during attacks; attacks may be precipitated by cold, high carbohydrate meals, or alcohol, may last hours to days, and may cause respiratory paralysis.
Synonym(s): hypokalaemic periodic paralysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypokalaemic periodic paralysis was suspected and thyroid function testing was performed.
TPP must be distinguished from hypokalaemic periodic paralysis, which is familial, more commonly seen in Caucasians, and is not associated with hyperthyroidism [1, 3, 5].
Specifically, she denied symptoms to suggest hypokalaemic periodic paralysis and serial serum electrolyte testing revealed normal potassium levels before and after pregnancy (see Table 1).
Dohi, "Primary Sjogren's syndrome presenting as hypokalaemic periodic paralysis and respiratory arrest," Clinical Rheumatology, vol.
A case of thyrotoxic hypokalaemic periodic paralysis in a Greek man.
Gupta et al [9] reported two confirmed cases of hypokalaemic periodic paralysis precipitated by upper respiratory tract infection of viral aetiology.
Temel et al., "Thyrotoxic hypokalaemic periodic paralysis in a Turkish population: three new case reports and analysis of the case series," Clinical Endocrinology, vol.
The exercise test as a monitor of disease status in hypokalaemic periodic paralysis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2004;75:497-9.
The pathogenesis of hypokalaemic periodic paralysis in certain populations with thyrotoxicosis is unclear.
Hence we report this case to highlight the fact that patients presenting with hypokalaemic periodic paralysis with metabolic acidosis can be due to Renal Tubular Acidosis with primary Sjogren's syndrome.
(9) Assaying of thyroid function in patients with hypokalaemic paralysis distinguishes thyrotoxic periodic paralysis from other forms of hypokalaemic periodic paralysis. Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis occurs only in the presence of hyperthyroidism and is abolished when thyroid hormones are normalised.