hypoglycaemia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to hypoglycaemia: hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, hyperglycaemia, diabetes, hypoglycemia unawareness

hypoglycaemia

Fringe medicine
A condition defined by promoters of fringe healthcare products that is said to affect 10 to 25% of the US population and cause chronic fatigue, criminal behaviour, depression, drug addiction, mental disorders (including schizophrenia), sexual impotence and a wide range of other conditions. 

Mainstream medicine
A clinically uncommon condition which should be diagnosed only in the context of a legitimate endocrine disorder by a mainstream physician.

hy·po·gly·ce·mi·a

(hī'pō-glī-sē'mē-ă)
An abnormally low concentration of glucose in the circulating blood.
Synonym(s): hypoglycaemia.

hypoglycaemia

Abnormally low levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood, such as an arterial plasma concentration of less than 3.0 mmol/litre. Hypoglycaemia is dangerous as the brain is critically dependent on glucose and is rapidly damaged if this fuel is absent. Hypoglycaemia causes trembling, faintness, sweating, palpitations, mental confusion, slurred speech, headache, loss of memory, double vision, fits, coma and death. Behaviour is often irrational and disorderly and may simulate drunkenness. The commonest cause is an overdose of insulin in a diabetic. Diabetics are advised always to carry sugar lumps or glucose sweets for use as an emergency treatment of hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia other than that due to insulin overdosage is uncommon, but may have many causes, including beta blockers, alcohol, unripe ackee nuts, liver disease, congestive heart failure, inborn errors of metabolism, sepsis, starvation and various other prescription drugs.

hypoglycaemia

abnormally low blood glucose concentration. May be a consequence of severe fasting, but can occur in healthy well-fed people during the late stages of endurance exercise, particularly when consumption of carbohydrate drinks is neglected or, paradoxically, when a one-off intake of glucose elicits an insulin surge. Diabetics are at risk of hypoglycaemia from insulin overdose or during exercise (which lowers blood glucose) unless special care is taken with blood sugar control. Blood glucose may also be low following alcohol ingestion with inadequate food intake. Acute severe hypoglycaemia can result in coma, convulsions and brain damage. See also diabetes.

hypoglycaemia

abnormally low concentration of glucose in circulating blood (i.e. <2.9 mmol/L); induced in diabetics by mismatch of administered insulin and food intake in relation to exercise levels; symptoms (triggered by low cerebral glucose levels and reflex autonomic nervous system stimulation) include warning signs (e.g. appearing drunk, slurring speech, poor concentration, behavioural truculence, feeling faint/light-headed, trembling, oral paraesthesia, inappropriate sweating) or rapid progression to coma; treated by administration of oral glucose (10 g sugar in water), intravenous glucose solution or intramuscular injection of 1 mg glucagon

hy·po·gly·ce·mi·a

(hī'pō-glī-sē'mē-ă)
Symptoms resulting from low blood glucose (normal glucose range 60-100 mg/dL [3.3-5.6 mmol/L]), which are either autonomic or neuroglycopenic.
Synonym(s): glucopenia, hypoglycaemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Insulin degludec/insulin aspart lowers fasting plasma glucose and hypoglycaemia rates independent of baseline HbA1c.
The risks are very significant and we need to identify these patients early with a view to implementing strategies to reduce their risk of hypoglycaemia," they added.
5 times more likely to die over the same period as patients who did not experience hypoglycaemia.
A retrospective audit of the treatment and progress notes of patients admitted to Whangarei Hospital between November 2009 and January 2010 was used to depict nursing adherence to the Northland District Health Board's (NDHB) protocol "Management of Hypoglycaemia in Patients with Diabetes".
The campaign aims to cut the number of 'hypo' attacks suffered through educating people with diabetes on what they can do to reduce their risk of hypoglycaemia and encourage people to consult regularly with their doctor so they can drive legally and safely.
However, one-in-100,000 babies are born with a genetic defect which means they develop hypoglycaemia even when there is no insulin in the blood.
Hypoglycaemia or low blood sugar may cause hunger, dizziness, sweating and a rapid heart beat
4m for a four-year trial to provide an understanding of the best way to help people with Type 1 diabetes regain their hypoglycaemia awareness.
Persistent hyper-insulinaemic hypoglycaemia of infancy: a heterogeneous syndrome unrelated to nesidioblastosis.
Hypoglycaemia in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus: causes and strategies for prevention.
New once-daily basal insulin demonstrated similar glycaemic control with a lower incidence of confirmed hypoglycaemia when compared to Lantus[sup.
Data presented today at the World Diabetes Congress of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) show that adults with type 2 diabetes achieved improved glycaemic control, significantly lower rates of overall and nocturnal confirmed hypoglycaemia for the full trial period, and a significantly lower rate of severe hypoglycaemia during the maintenance period (defined as week 16 onwards) with Ryzodeg[sup.