hypoglossal nerves


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Related to hypoglossal nerves: vagus nerves, glossopharyngeal nerves, abducens nerves, trigeminal nerves, trochlear nerves

hypoglossal nerves

The 12th and last of the pairs of nerves which arise directly from the brain (cranial nerves). They supply the muscles of the tongue and are necessary for talking and swallowing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, the hypoglossal nerve runs medial to the IXth, Xth, and XIth cranial nerves after its exit from the cranium.
The patient was advised that sacrifice of the lingual arteries and hypoglossal nerves bilaterally might be required in order to achieve complete tumor resection, and consent was obtained for possible total glossectomy.
Although this affords wide access to the clivus and upper cervical spine, it poses a risk to the lingual and hypoglossal nerves.