palsy after airway management for general anesthesia: an analysis of 69 patients.
stimulation is an alternative therapy that can directly open the hypopharyngeal airway with tongue protrusion.
palsy (HNP) is an uncommon cranial nerve palsy comparing to other commoner cranial nerves such as 3rd, 6th, and 7th cranial nerves .
The hypoglossal nerve
is the twelfth cranial nerve, and is a pure motor nerve that is involved in the movements of the tongue and infrahyoid muscles.
Zierz, "The forgotten condyle: delayed hypoglossal nerve
palsy caused by fracture of the occipital condyle, " Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol.
La informacion registrada en la presente revision no sistematizada de la literatura se realizo mediante la busqueda de palabras clave en ingles y espanol: hypoglossal nerve
, occipital condyle, tongue palsy, Babinski-Nageotte syndrome, Wallenberg syndrome, ColletSicard syndrome, hypoglossal nucleus, hypoglossal Schwannoma, a traves de los buscadores PubMed y Science Direct, en revistas especializadas de radiologia, neurociencia, neurologia, neurocirugia, cirugia estetica y reconstructiva.
A few months back, the United States Food and Drug Administration granted premarket approval for an upper airway stimulation system that senses respiration, and delivers mild electrical stimulation to the hypoglossal nerve
in order to increase muscle tone at the back of the tongue so it will not collapse and obstruct the airway.
An implantable device that stimulates the hypoglossal nerve
during inspiration has been approved for a subgroup of adults with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea, the Food and Drug Administration has announced.
The gland was then carefully incised out without causing any damage to external carotid and lingual arteries and veins respectively and hypoglossal nerve
. The transected digatricus muscle was then sutured with 2/0 catgut and skin was sutured with 2/0 mersilk.