Standard: standard culture method without previous processing of specimens; HOCl: hypochlorous acid
; NS: normal saline; PVPI: povidone-iodine.
Heinecke, "Hypochlorous acid
produced by the myeloperoxidase system of human phagocytes induces covalent cross-links between DNA and protein," Biochemistry, vol.
The role of hypochlorous acid
as one of the reactive oxygen species in periodontal disease.
The compact-designed electrolysis unit having electrodes with the increased efficiency of generating hypochlorous acid
, and the stirring device, which are the main components of the system, can be adjusted in size and shape to match with the treated volume of ballast water and the ship-space, efficiently utilizing the limited space available in the ship.
At this pH active chlorine species hypochlorous acid
,generated has oxidized the effluent effectively.
oxygenates the cysteine switch domain of pro-matrilysin (MMP-7).
Biological reactivity of hypochlorous acid
: Implications for microbiocidal mechanisms of leukocyte myelperoxidase.
We also investigated how the cellular effects of BT were modified by hydrogen peroxide (H202) scavenger catalase, hypochlorous acid
(HOCl) scavenger methionine, and 4-aminobenzoic acid hydrazide (ABAH), a myeloperoxidase (MPO)-specific inhibitor.
Chapple, "Hypochlorous acid
regulates neutrophil extracellular trap release in humans," Clinical and Experimental Immunology, vol.
The acidic water contains a very small amount of hypochlorous acid
(as found in bleach based sanitisers) but is many times more effective than these and leaves no residues.