hypocalcaemia


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Related to hypocalcaemia: hypoparathyroidism, hypercalcemia

hy·po·cal·ce·mi·a

(hī'pō-kal-sē'mē-ă)
Abnormally low levels of calcium in the circulating blood; commonly denotes subnormal concentrations of calcium ions.
Synonym(s): hypocalcaemia.

hypocalcaemia

Inadequate blood levels of calcium. This may be caused by inadequate intake or absorption, low output of hormone by the parathyroid glands (HYPOPARATHYROIDISM) or PANCREATITIS. The result may be TETANY. The proportion of blood calcium in the ionized form is reduced in ALKALOSIS and this, too may cause tetany.

hy·po·cal·ce·mi·a

(hī'pō-kal-sē'mē-ă)
Abnormally low levels of calcium in the circulating blood.
Synonym(s): hypocalcaemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
7 Hypocalcaemia following thyroidectomy is mostly temporary and a study regarded the temporary hypoparathyroidism as an accepted outcome of bilateral thyroid surgery rather than a complication.
Table 1: Characteristics of 25 Patients with Thyroid Cancer Sex ratio (M/F) 4:21 Mean age (years) 55 (18-62 years) Euthyroid 23 Hyperthyroidism 1 Hypothyroidism 1 Unilateral thyroid nodule 20 Bilateral thyroid mass 4 Isthmus thyroid nodule 1 Cervical lymphadenopathy 2 Table 2: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Papillary carcinoma 19 Follicular neoplasm 2 Medullary carcinoma 1 Colloid Goitre 3 Table 3: Postoperative Histopathological Diagnosis Papillary carcinoma 24 Follicular carcinoma 1 Table 4: Types of Surgery Total thyroidectomy 20 Total thyroidectomy + Modified radical neck dissection 2 Total thyroidectomy + Central neck dissection 3 Table 5: Complication of Surgery Hypocalcaemia 10 Wound infection 1 Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury Nil
2011) reported postpartum uterine prolapse in Murrah buffaloes where clinical management failed to save life of animals and observed that stall fed pluriparous buffaloes are prone for prolapse and old age, off feed state, anaemic condition leading to hypocalcaemia and further uterine inertia results in total uterine prolapse.
Production diseases of the transition cow: Milk fever and subclinical hypocalcaemia.
29] Also, because hypocalcaemia is a cause of QTc prolongation, and hypercalcemia is among the reasons that shorter QTc, patients with electrolyte imbalances, cardiac arrhythmias, and a history of cardiac pathology, were excluded from the current study.
In 6% (two cases), severe hypocalcaemia (ionised calcium [less than or equal to] 0.
The final diagnosis in this case was MVP associated with moderate mitral regurgitation, isolated ectopic supraventricular and ventricular beats, grade I chronic iron deficiency anemia and mild hypocalcaemia.
However, there are reports in the literature of bilateral femoral neck fractures occurring as a result of predisposing factors, such as convulsions secondary to hypocalcaemia [4], osteomalacia [5], osteoporosis, and renal osteodystrophy [6, 7].
Other causes of prolongation of QT interval include electrolyte imbalance (hypokalemia, hypocalcaemia, hypomagnesaemia), hypothermia, drugs like anti-arrhythmic, tricyclic antidepressants, non-sedative antihistamines, antibiotics), antimalarial are also responsible for long QT syndrome.
According to Jacobs, there are four ways patients might present symptoms: 'General aches and pains and muscle weakness; rickets; convulsions due to hypocalcaemia (low calcium levels in blood) particularly in young babies; and cardiomyopathy in babies younger than one year.
The timing of calcium measurements in helping to predict temporary and permanent hypocalcaemia in patients having completion and total thyroidectomies.