The use of topical taurine bromamine, the physiological product of hypobromous acid
and taurine, is one of the new emerging approaches to treating acne.
These reactions may also produce non-free radical forms such as hypochlorous acid HOCl, hypobromous acid
HBrO, and hypoiodous acid HOI , as well as oxygen and iron complexes of higher oxidation states, e.g.
At inflammatory sites, in the presence of plasma halides, the enzymes eosinophil peroxidase and myeloperoxidase, which are released by eosinophils and neutrophils, respectively, generate hypobromous acid
, a reactive brominating species [3, 4].
Hoigne, Ozonation of Bromide-Containing Waters : Kinetics of Formation of Hypobromous Acid
and Bromate, Env.
These chemicals include bromine-based disinfectants (e.g., hypobromous acid
), chlorine based-disinfectants (e.g., chlorine gas), and chemicals that adjust pH (e.g., soda ash) (De Haan & Johanningsmeier, 1997).
The positive bromine from NBS can be transferred to the dextrose through the intermediate formation of hypobromous acid
The radical hydroxyl mechanism starts when ozone and/or hydroxyl radical oxidizes [Br.sup.-] into hypobromous acid
(HOBr) and/or hypobromite radical (BrO") or even the bromide radical (Br*).
When we worked on the hypobromous acid
creation mechanisms and its modes of action as an active principle for swimming pool disinfection, we noted that the bactericide effect of this biocide was developed against 4 pathogenic bacteria likely to be present in water: Enterococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E.coli and Staphylococcus aureus.
This product will improve the company's food safety portfolio to include a liquid form of hypobromous acid
* The term "pool chemicals" includes but is not limited to chlorine bleach (calcium hypochlorite or sodium hypochlorite used to make a hypochlorous acid solution), stabilized chlorine (dichlor-s-triazinetrione or trichloro-s-triazinetrione), bromine (hypobromous acid
), hydrogen peroxide, and hydrochloric (muriatic) acid.
(Monopersulfate is also used in some "two-part" bromine-based sanitizing systems to oxidize bromide salts, forming the active sanitizer hypobromous acid
.) Because monopersulfate doesn't contain chlorine, it won't produce chloramines or chlorine odors and will not bleach vinyl liners.
When bromine is added to water, it forms the sanitizer and oxidizer hypobromous acid