Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
In certain cases when the use of anesthetics is not advisable, hypnosis has been used successfully during dental treatment, setting of fractures, and childbirth, usually in addition to pain-killing medicines.
The induction of a trance state in an individual, which is defined by the presence of trance phenomena in the form of objective physical changes (see trance state), subjective perceptual changes and a co-operative interaction with the hypnotist. Hypnosis has theoretical currency in behaviour modification and biofeedback, in which a person learns to focus his or her attention on thoughts or images that are unrelated to a particular stimulus (e.g., cancer-related pain). Hypnosis has some support in mainstream psychiatry and anaesthesiology; the major effect of hypnosis is relaxation and possibly control of habits, and is said to be useful in speech therapy, smoking cessation, ameliorating panic disorders and in low back pain.
Hypnotisability appears to hinge on the degree to which a person can engage in fantasy and be distracted: 20% of individuals are easily hypnotised, while 20% are virtually “hypnosis-proof”; children are less confined by reality-based thinking, and thus more easily hypnotised.
hypnosisPsychiatry A technique involving relaxation and voluntarily ignoring conscious thought processes; hypnosis attempts to access the unconscious mind. See Highway hypnosis PsychologyA technique that may be effective in behavior modification–eg, control of habits, relaxation, and biofeedback, in which a person learns to focus attention on thoughts or images unrelated to a particular stimulus–eg, cancer-related pain.
See also: mesmerism
hypnosisA state of abnormal suggestibility and responsiveness, but decreased general awareness often brought about by concentration on a repetitive stimulus. In the hypnotic state, the instructions of the hypnotist are usually obeyed, opinions apparently modified and hallucinations experienced. Many widely-believed myths are associated with hypnotism. It does not involve any kind of sleep; it is impossible without the full cooperation of the subject; and a hypnotized person will not perform actions that would normally be unacceptable. There is, however, inevitably some loss of personal will. Long-forgotten memories of obscure detail are not uncovered by hypnotism.
Patient discussion about hypnosis
Q. HYPNOSIS can hypnosis be used in bi-polar disorder?
Q. How effective is hypnosis in treating alcoholism? And how expensive is it? I've already tried hypnotherapy for social anxiety problems but the guy was a useless quack and I didn't even go under properly.