hyphaema


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hy·phe·ma

(hī-fē'mă)
Blood in the anterior chamber of the eye.
Synonym(s): hyphaema.
[G. hyphaimos, suffused with blood]

hyphaema

A layer of blood in the front chamber of the eye between the back of the CORNEA and the front of the IRIS. This usually results from blunt injury and in most cases the blood reabsorbs without complication and vision is restored. In some cases a serious secondary bleed occurs 3–5 days after the injury.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many complications from the trauma itself, such as hyphaema, lens dislocations or retinal detachments, as well as scleral rupture, may occur at the time of injury and contribute to permanent visual impairment.
Stiles (2000) suggested that ocular symptoms of opacity of cornea, aqueous flare, hypopyon and hyphaema in dogs were important in diagnosis of ehrlichiosis and help in monitoring response to therapy.
2 eyes (4%) had postoperative hyphaemas, on the first postoperative day.
He presented with decreased vision, hyphaema and an intraocular pressure (IOP) of 36mmHg.
Injury site and type of injuries sustained Discharged Admitted Total Burns Face 9 8 17 Hand 5 6 11 Chest 5 1 6 Other sites 3 0 3 Total 22 15 37 (67%) Eyes Hyphaema 2 1 3 Laceration/abrasion 16 1 17 Enucleation 0 1 1 Embedded foreign body 0 2 2 Total 18 5 23 (42%) Hands Lacerations/abrasions 5 5 10 Haematoma 3 2 5 Fracture/dislocation 0 4 4 Amputation of fingers 0 3 3 Embedded foreign body 0 2 2 Total 8 16 24 (44%) Massive soft-tissue injury 0 1 1 Multiple site involvement was present in 47% of children.
3, 4) Angle recession is strongly associated with traumatic hyphaema with studies reporting a 60-100% incidence.
In 8% of cases striate keratitis was noted, 8% cases had hyphaema, 6% cases had shallow anterior chamber and 2% developed iritis in postoperative period (Table-9).
Anterior chamber intraocular lens have complications like pupillarly block, endothelial damage with high risk of corneal decompensation, cystoids macular edema, uveitis, glaucoma, hyphaema and pseudophakia bullous keratopathy.
Retinal and vitreous hemorrhage, subconjunctival hemorrhage and chemosis, lid oedema, hyphaema and anterior uveitis were seen in vasculotoxic snake bites (Table 2).
Examination of the anterior segment of the eye for subconjunctival haemorrhage, hyphaema of Haab striae was done with a powerful torch light.
Complication Heparin Infusion BSS infusion Hyphaema 03 0 Exudative membrane 05 11 Hypopyon 01 0