hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
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Related to hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
a general diagnostic term designating primary myocardial disease.
alcoholic cardiomyopathy a congestive cardiomyopathy resulting in cardiac enlargement and low cardiac output occurring in chronic alcoholics; the heart disease in beriberi (thiamine deficiency) is also associated with alcoholism.
congestive cardiomyopathy a syndrome characterized by cardiac enlargement, especially of the left ventricle, myocardial dysfunction, and congestive heart failure.
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy an increase in heart muscle weight, particularly of the left ventricle and often involving the interventricular septum; it may affect the flow of blood from an atrium into the ventricle or out from the ventricle. This type of cardiomyopathy is frequently associated with idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis. Called also asymmetrical septal hypertrophy.
hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy a form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in which the location of the septal hypertrophy causes obstructive interference to left ventricular outflow. See also asymmetrical septal hypertrophy.
infiltrative cardiomyopathy myocardial disease resulting from deposition in the heart tissue of abnormal substances, as may occur in amyloidosis, hemochromatosis, and other disorders.
primary cardiomyopathy that in which the basic pathologic process involves the myocardium itself and not other cardiac structures; the condition is of unknown etiology and not part of a disease affecting other organs.
restrictive cardiomyopathy a form in which the ventricular walls are excessively rigid, impeding ventricular filling; it is marked by abnormal diastolic function but normal or nearly normal systolic function.
secondary cardiomyopathy any form that is due to another cardiovascular disorder or is a manifestation of a systemic disease such as sarcoidosis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
hypertrophic cardiomyopathyA common (1:500) condition which causes a range of mild to severe clinical and pathologic changes, which are either symmetrical (concentric) or asymmetrical (eccentric hypertrophy), with disproportionate thickening beneath the mitral valve, seen without other cardiac disease. Half are congenital with autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance—e.g., MIM 192600, MIM 160760. Obstruction is associated with reduced venous return.
Clinical findings, young patients
Range from asymptomatic to diastolic dysfunction, dyspnea, fatigue, anginal pain, syncope, an increased risk of severe obstruction, congestive heart failure, sudden death simulating acute myocardial infarction.
Clinical findings, older patients
Shortness of breath, anginal pain, syncope.
QRS complexes, T-wave inversion, Q waves in inferior and left-precordial leads—which translate into asymmetric hypertrophy of the septum (usually of left side), systolic anterior movement of mitral valve, and midsystolic closure of aortic valve.
Ethanol in patients with HC increases systolic blood pressure, and the pressure gradient across left ventricular outflow tract.
• Symptomatic—i.e., relief of dyspnoea or chest pain.
• Drugs—beta-adrenergics are effective short-term, calcium channel blockers (which increase diastolic ventricular filling) may be effective long-term.
• Surgery—recalcitrant cases may need a transaortic ventricular septal myotomy-myectomy.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
Patient discussion about hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
Q. I have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and an ICD. Is it possible to get breast implants with an ICD? I have no further symptoms: I workout and run 6 days a week, in good shape and only 27 years old.
A. Some medical equipment can damage your ICD If you are visiting your doctor , tell him or her that you have an ICD BEFORE they do any testing or treatment.i'm pretty sure they'll find a creative way to do the implant.any way- before doing any procedure- ask the cardiologist that handles you about it.More discussions about hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
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