hypertelorism


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Related to hypertelorism: telecanthus

hypertelorism

 [hi″per-te´lo-rizm]
abnormally increased distance between two organs or parts.
ocular hypertelorism (orbital hypertelorism) increase in the interocular distance, often associated with cleidocranial or craniofacial dysostosis and sometimes with mental deficiency.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

hy·per·tel·or·ism

(hī'pĕr-tel'ōr-izm), [MIM*145400]
Abnormal distance between two paired organs.
[hyper- + G. tēle, far off, + horizō, to separate, fr. horos, a boundary]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

hypertelorism

(hī′pə-tĕl′ə-rĭz′əm)
n.
Abnormal distance between two paired organs, especially the eyes.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

hypertelorism

↑ separation of paired tissues–eg, breasts, eyes Breast Rare–seen in Turner syndrome Ocular A craniofacial defect seen in congenital syndromes–eg, Apert syndrome/acrocephalosyndactyly; Crouzon's disease/craniofacial dysostosis; Opitz' syndrome/hypertelorism-hypospadia/BBB syndrome; Taybi syndrome/otopalatodigital syndrome.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

hy·per·tel·or·ism

(hī'pĕr-tel'ŏr-izm)
Abnormal distance between two paired organs.
[hyper- + G. tēle, far off, + horizō, to separate, fr. horos, a boundary]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hypertelorism

An abnormal increase in the distance between bodily parts, usually referring to an abnormal separation of the eye sockets (orbits) due to a much widened and enlarged SPHENOID bone. Such hypertelorism is a congenital condition and is sometimes associated with other developmental abnormalities and with mental retardation.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

hy·per·tel·or·ism

(hī'pĕr-tel'ŏr-izm) [MIM*145400]
Abnormal distance between two paired organs.
[hyper- + G. tēle, far off, + horizō, to separate, fr. horos, a boundary]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Main manifestations include macrocephaly, large anterior fontanelle, prominent forehead, hypoplasia/agenesis of corpus callosum, hand (pre) postaxial polydactyly, feet pre (post) axial polydactyly, syndactyly, mental retardation, hypertelorism, strabismus, small nose, broad nasal bridge, high arch/cleft palate.
Figure 2: Showing (i) coarse edematous facies (ii) frontal bossing (iii) depressed nasal bridge (iv) hypertelorism (v) prominent eyes (vi) short neck.
* Potter's face (ocular hypertelorism, low-set ears, receding chin and flattening of nose)
Salient features which baby had were: head circumference 31cm (<3SD), low set ears, bitemporal hollowing, ptosis, hypertelorism, epicanthal folds, broad nasal bridge, anteverted nostrils, high arched palate, micro-retrognathia, broad alveolar ridges, bilateral post-axial polydactyly, camptodactyly (flexion deformity of 5th finger interphalangeal joints), deep palmar creases, shield- chest, "Y"shaped syndactyly of 2nd- 3rd toes, bilateral everted feet and hypotonia.
Adebayo, Consultant Paediatric Cardiologist, Department of Paediatric, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Elijah was acutely ill in respiratory distress, with dysmorphic features, flattened nasal bridge, short stubby fingers and hypertelorism. His cardiovascular system exemption revealed loud P2 and murmur which was loudest along the left lower sternal edge.
Underexpression of Shh leads to facial clefting and malformations of other frontonasal and maxillary process derived facial structures, while overexpression of Shh resulted in hypertelorism (Hu & Helms, 1999).
(6,7) She had craniofacial manifestations including a 'coarse' face with a flat profile, high forehead with temporal-frontal balding, sparse eyebrows and lashes, shallow supraorbital ridges, upslanting palpebral fissures, hypertelorism, and upturned nares.
Facial abnormalities (microcephaly, mid facial hypoplasia, flat face and hypertelorism) were spotted in five (20.8%) cases.
To diagnose patients with hypertelorism, hypotelorism or telecanthus we require standard baseline values of above mentioned parameters in a normal Pakistani population.
Other anomalies like up slanting eyes, down slanting eyes, micrognathia, flat nasal bridge, microcephaly, hypertelorism were studied (p=0.05).
This syndrome is characterized by deficiency of pre and postnatal growth, hypertrichosis cubiti or generalized hypertrichosis, psychomotor delay, intellectual disability with behavioral alterations and distinctive facial features with narrow nose, sinofris, ocular hypertelorism, long philtrum, short palpebral fissures, low set ears and an ogival palate.
Physical examination identified a series of dysmorphic features, including epicanthal folds, a flat nasal bridge, bilaterally low-set ears, and orbital hypertelorism. Neurological examination revealed no head control, poor eye contact, no social smile, and lower limb hypertonia.