25 units of BTA injected into each genioglossal muscle Disorder Study Findings Borderline Kruger et al (31) 49% to 94% improvement in personality (2016; case series) Zanarini Rating Scale for disorder Borderline Personality Disorder and/or Borderline Symptom List at 2 to 6 weeks Neuroleptic- Kahl et al (34) Subjective reduction in induced (2004; case report) hypersalivation
after sialorrhea 2 weeks lasting until 12-week follow-up Steinlechner (33) Change in saliva weight et al (2009; RCT) (-2.43 [+ or -] 0.412 g) at 4 weeks.
In the next 3 days, she successively had anemophobia, shortness of breath, chest tightness, anxiety, insomnia, and hypersalivation
. During hospitalization, her blood pressure was as high as 248/148 mm Hg.
Meanwhile, other clinical research has identified value of BTX for treating headaches, hypersalivation
, hyperhidrosis, and other chronic conditions that respond only partially to medical treatment .
The dog was showing regurgitation, dysphagia, hypersalivation
, abdominal respiration and depression.
(6)(7) Although, the necessity of adding adjunct atropine is a controversial issue, we opted to add atropine 0.15 mg/kg to the above intravenous mixture as a prophylaxis to decrease hypersalivation
effect of ketamine, (8)(9) because of the presence of significant secretions in the lungs of our patient.
This autonomic nervous system dysfunction can also include hypersalivation
, sweating, hypoventilation, and increased pulse, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and temperature (Brenton et al., 2015).
The nonmotor symptoms questionnaire [sup] was used as the screening instrument for hypersalivation
, olfactory dysfunction, constipation, and urinary urgency, with answers recorded as “present” or “absent”.
The patients who were assessed clinically to have no orofacial motor disorders, xerostomia, hypersalivation
, any type of temporo mandibular joints (TMJs) disorder and psychiatric condition that would have influenced their response to treatment.
Dystonia is characterized with mask-like face, rigitidy, gait disorder and pseudobulbar involvement (dysarthria, dysphagia, hypersalivation
The [alpha]1-adrenergic agonist modafinil has also been reported to exert rather beneficial effects on drooling/dysphagia in PD patients (6/6 patients), although this improvement was mostly related to dysphagia rather than hypersalivation
Otherwise, the earliest sign of vestibular disease may be falling, anorexia, staggering, hypersalivation
The dog had been imported with an unhealed fracture of the left forelimb, and 4 days after arrival at a foster home in Virginia, developed hypersalivation
, paralysis, and hyperesthesia.