hyperosmotic


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Related to hyperosmotic: hyposmotic

hy·per·os·mot·ic

(hī'pĕr-oz-mot'ik),
1. Having an osmolality greater than another fluid, ordinarily assumed to be plasma or extracellular fluid.
2. Relating to increased osmosis.

hyperosmotic

(hī′pər-ŏz-mŏt′ĭk)
adj.
Relating to or characterized by increased osmosis.

hy·per·os·mot·ic

(hī'pĕr-oz-mot'ik)
1. Having an osmolality greater than that of another fluid, ordinarily assumed to be plasma or extracellular fluid.
2. Relating to increased osmosis.

hyperosmotic

Of a fluid having a concentration of solutes great than that of the normal extracellular fluid.

Hyperosmotic

Hypertonic, containing a higher concentration of salts or other dissolved materials than normal tissues.
Mentioned in: Laxatives
References in periodicals archive ?
In cellular level, plants have developed complex mechanisms to adjust hyperosmotic stress and ionic imbalance by osmotic adjustment (OA).
Since the strain DPSW showed poor performance in ethanol tolerability, cell density, and hyperosmotic tolerance, it was not used in dough making process.
Of note, hyperosmotic and NaCl stress are known environmental conditions, which induce mitochondria-mediated cell death in yeast [51, 52].
The [alpha]-type PLD comprises 3 isoforms involved in hyperosmotic stresses [14] and senescence presumably by transducing phytohormone signals [15].
A patient of diabetes mellitus may present with a range of symptoms characterized by polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss and blurring of vision to more serious conditions like stupor, coma and even death caused by ketoacidosis or non-ketotic hyperosmotic states.
The expression and actions of Fmo1 may be influenced by hyperosmotic settings in the kidney of rats (32) Fmo1is also highly expressed in metabolic tissues, including liver, kidney, white and brown adipose tissue and has an active role in mammalian endogenous metabolism (33).
These particles were smaller than the 80-100 nm generally observed for bunyavirus particles; the small size was attributed to overnight sedimentation through a hyperosmotic sucrose cushion.
(3) Ice crystals form in extracellular fluid, which, in turn, cause cellular dehydration and hyperosmotic cellular death.
On the other hand, Grovum (1995) reported that when the same dose of hyperosmotic sodium chloride, polyethylene glycol-400 (PEG), sodium acetate or sodium propionate was infused intraruminally to increase ruminal fluid osmolality in sheep, it resulted in the same-sized decrease in intake of alfalfa pellets.
In hyperosmotic crustaceans sodium influxes from dilute media have been reported (Sutcliffe 1968; Harris 1970).
In Crassostrea corteziensis, similar hemocyte mortality (0.50%-0.59%) of oysters exposed for 48 h to hypo- and hyperosmotic conditions (10 and 50 ups) have been reported (Perez-Velasco 2014).
Lubricants are hyperosmotic, hypo-osmotic, or iso-osmotic.

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