Comparison of the effects of an isosmolar and hyperosmolar
oral rehydrating solution on the hydration status, glycemia and ileal content composition of healthy neonatal calves.
These studies showed that prolonged hyperosmolar
solution infusion through peripheral lines had a significant time- and concentration-dependent relationship with thrombophlebitis and other complications.
This may be due to hypovolaemia as much of the cases had hyperosmolar
urine with high urine specific gravity (57.
acute myocardial infarction, diabetes ketoacidosis, hyperglycemic hyperosmolar
state, or stroke).
Insulin and glucagon ratio in the patho-physiology of diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar
hyperglycemic non-ketotic diabetes.
Dialysate solutions can be acidic and hyperosmolar
, and have high glucose concentrations.
Tissue injury from extravasated contrast has a hyperosmolar
effect drawing fluid from surrounding cells which then results in cell death by dehydration.
Sonographically guided intratendinous injection of hyperosmolar
dextrose to treat chronic tendinosis of the Achilles tendon: a pilot study.
Pflugfelder, "JNK and ERK MAP kinases mediate induction of IL-1[beta], TNF-[alpha] and IL-8 following hyperosmolar
stress in human limbal epithelial cells," Experimental Eye Research, vol.
Wong, "Sonographically guided intratendinous injection of hyperosmolar
dextrose to treat chronic tendinosis of the Achilles tendon: a pilot study," American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.
One possible explanation could be acute putaminal dysfunction, secondary to hyperglycemic or hyperosmolar
dextrose injection for recalcitrant Osgood-Schlatter disease.