hypermagnesemia


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hypermagnesemia

 [hi″per-mag″nĕ-se´me-ah]
an abnormally high magnesium content of the blood plasma. See table of Electrolyte Imbalances at electrolyte.

hy·per·mag·ne·se·mi·a

(hī'pĕr-mag'nĕ-sē'mē-ă),
An abnormally large concentration of magnesium in the blood serum.

hypermagnesemia

Magnesium intoxication A state characterized by ↑ serum magnesium, which is associated with ESRD, eclampsia therapy with magnesium sulfate, adrenocortical insufficiency–Addision's disease, uncontrolled DM, leukemia, hypothyroidism, magnesium-based antacid and laxative therapies Clinical Lethargy, shallow respiration, ↓ BP, ↓ tendon reflexes, ↓ neuromuscular transmission, ↓ CNS; symptoms correspond to magnesium serum levels: nausea occurs at 2-2.5 mmol/L–4-5 mEq/L → sedation, ↓ tendon reflexes, muscle weakness; at 2.5-5 mmol/L–5-10 mEq/L, hypotension, bradycardia, and systemic vasodilatation; arreflexia, coma, respiratory paralysis appear above these levels. See Magnesium.

hy·per·mag·ne·se·mi·a

(hī'pĕr-mag'nĕ-sē'mē-ă)
Excessive magnesium in blood; may be a result of chronic renal insufficiency, overuse of magnesium-containing laxatives or antacids, or severe dehydration. Signs include weakness, paralysis, drowsiness, confusion, bradycardia, hypotension, nausea, and vomiting.
Synonym(s): hypermagnesaemia.

Hypermagnesemia

An abnormally high concentration of magnesium in the blood.
Mentioned in: Magnesium Imbalance

hy·per·mag·ne·se·mi·a

(hī'pĕr-mag'nĕ-sē'mē-ă)
Excessive magnesium in blood; may be a result of chronic renal insufficiency, overuse of magnesium-containing laxatives or antacids, or severe dehydration. Signs include weakness, paralysis, drowsiness, confusion, bradycardia, hypotension, nausea, and vomiting.
Synonym(s): hypermagnesaemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypernatremia was seen in 32 (37.64%) cases and hypophosphatemia was present in 30 (35.29%), Hypokalemia was noted in 26 (30.58%) and hypermagnesemia in 18 (21.17%) (Table-II).
The proportion of patients who developed hypermagnesemia was significantly higher in the magnesium group than in the placebo group (34.2% vs.
Hypermagnesemia can cause breathing depression due to the failure of the respiratory muscles and a cardiotoxic framework; this can lead to cardiac arrest (KANEKO et al., 2008), which would explain the deaths of animals treated with saponins.
(78) Renal insufficiency and neuromuscular and cardiovascular toxicity can be linked to hypermagnesemia. (79) However, even with the elevated levels of these metals in the brain, kidney, and liver samples, all sealers were considered nontoxic to these body organs, since the increase was below the toxic levels for trace elements.
Due to severe preeclampsia, magnesium sulfate was administered by the Zuspan regimen but was suspended because of the risk of hypermagnesemia following the patient's evolution with oliguria and acute pulmonary edema.
In this review, the magnesium cycle in the human body, magnesium deficiency and its causes, diseases associated with low magnesium, hypermagnesemia, and the role of magnesium in therapy and prevention will be discussed.
Another study reported that a polymorphic genetic variant of ZnT10 was related to hypermagnesemia as well as a variety of neurological and hepatic disturbances [81].
Frequency of hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia. Requested vs routine.
Are you interested in hypercalcemia, hyperkalemia, hypermagnesemia, hypernatremia, hyperphosphatemia, or hyperuricemia?
Serum Magnesium Levels in Patients Hypomagnesemia, 52.6% Normomagnesemia, 20% Hypermagnesemia, 27.37% Note: Table made from pie chart.
And because serum magnesium testing is seldom done in the clinical setting, hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia go unrecognized.