Having a pathologically exaggerated kyphotic curve of the thoracic spine. This is most often a complication of Sheuermann disease or osteoporosis.
See also: Scheuermann disease, osteoporosis
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Although it is possible for this curve to be abnormally decreased, in other words, hypokyphotic (Figure 1B); by far the more common postural distortional pattern is for the thoracic spine to become hyperkyphotic (Figure 1C).
So it makes sense that assuming forward flexed postures on a regular basis would lead to a hyperkyphotic, in other words hyperflexed, rounded thoracic posture.
However, even a hyperlordotic lumbar spine can result in a rounded hyperkyphotic thoracic posture.
The central sacral vertical line touches the apical bodies and the thoracic sagittal profile was positive (hyperkyphotic, kyphosis curve > 40 degrees).
Spinal exam revealed overall loss of flexibility and range of motion in all planes, with anterior head carriage, and hyperkyphotic antalgic posture.
In AS patients, ligamentous ossification, syndesmophytosis, and a rigid hyperkyphotic deformity may develop.
The thoracic hyperkyphotic posture in relaxed standing in male tennis players may be more related to factors other as a lack of postural scheme than the specific training in tennis.
Stretching the back into extension can be valuable for the client with a hyperkyphotic thoracic spine, or a hypolordotic (or kyphotic) lumbar spine.
A higher percentage of hyperkyphotic postures in standing on the floor were found in the elite cyclists.
The thoracic hyperkyphotic posture in standing in elite and master cyclists may be related to factors other than the posture adopted on the bicycle.
The first and most obvious sign of upper crossed syndrome is the characteristic postural dysfunction of protracted scapulae, medially rotated humeri, hyperkyphotic (overly flexed) upper thoracic spine, and a protracted/ anteriorly held head, which is created by hypolordosis or even kyphosis (excessive flexion) of the lower cervical spine, hyperlordosis (excessive extension) of the upper cervical spine and head, and anterior translation of the head upon the atlas (Table 2).
The most important assessment tool is static postural assessment, which will reveal the characteristic protracted scapulae, medially rotated humeri, hyperkyphotic upper thoracic spine, and an anterior head posture (hypolordotic lower cervical spine and a hyperlordotic upper cervical spine).