Rarely, severe life-threatening disseminated disease or hyperinfection
Strongyloidiasis was classified into 3 categories: nonsystemic strongyloidiasis, hyperinfection
, and dissemination.
Infection and Hyperinfection
with Strongyloides stercoralis: Clinical Presentation, Etiology of Disease, and Treatment Options.
Strongyloides stercoralis assumes a special status due to its versatile life cycle (Autoinfection) and its potential to cause long-lasting infections, particularly in immunosuppressed individuals with a defective cellmediated immunity, in whom it may lead to hyperinfection
syndrome and disseminated strongyloidiasis involving several organs.
Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection
could mimic accelerated idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. A case of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and spontaneous pneumothorax associated with S.
Its presentation can vary from asymptomatic eosinophilia in immunocompetent patients to hyperinfection
syndrome causing multiple organ failure in immunocompromised patients.
In immunocompromised individuals, larvae can massively invade the gastrointestinal and pulmonary systems (hyperinfection
syndrome) and other organs (disseminated strongyloidiasis).
denotes autoinfection with accelerated gastrointestinal and pulmonary symptoms.
(3) It can cause autoinfection, chronic persistent infection, hyperinfection
(with involvement of the lung and the gastrointestinal system), and disseminated infection involving other organs.
Severe life-threatening complications of hyperinfection
syndrome and disseminated strongyloidiasis may develop in patients with HTLV-1 confection or in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy, such as corticosteroids [1-3].