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Etymology: Gk, hyper, L, calx, lime, haima, blood; Gk, nephros, kidney, pathos, disease
a progressive disorder of kidney function caused by an excessive level of calcium in the blood. The calcium causes cumulative functional and histological abnormalities that lead to a decreased glomerular filtration rate and kidney failure.
Renal damage due to hypercalcemia. It is usually caused by hyperparathyroidism, sarcoidosis, excess intake of vitamin D, excess use of calcium-containing antacids, multiple myeloma, malignant disease, and, occasionally, by immobilization or Paget disease.
See also: nephropathy
pertaining to hypercalcemia.
continuous high blood levels of calcium reduce renal efficiency and may cause mineralization of tubules and then glomeruli.
any disease of the kidneys.
see analgesic nephropathy.
baby chick nephropathy
see visceral gout.
different types of renal disease have been recorded as occurring on a familial basis in Finnish-Landrace sheep and several breeds of dogs, including Lhasa apsos, Shih tzus, Samoyeds, Bull terriers, Norwegian elkhounds, Cocker spaniels and Basenjis.
suspected of being familial in many dog breeds especially Malamute, Miniature schnauzer, Keeshond, German shepherd; characterized by renal failure in immature or young adult dogs. The pathogenesis is poorly understood, hence the retention of the title nephropathy.
caused by mycotoxins, such as ochratoxin and citrinin, produced by Penicillium and Aspergillus spp.
see hemoglobinuric nephrosis.
pyelonephritis in which the renal scarring results from vesicoureteric reflux, with radiological appearance of intrarenal reflux.