hypercalcemic nephropathy


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hypercalcemic nephropathy

[-kalsē′mik]
Etymology: Gk, hyper, L, calx, lime, haima, blood; Gk, nephros, kidney, pathos, disease
a progressive disorder of kidney function caused by an excessive level of calcium in the blood. The calcium causes cumulative functional and histological abnormalities that lead to a decreased glomerular filtration rate and kidney failure.

hypercalcemic nephropathy

Renal damage due to hypercalcemia. It is usually caused by hyperparathyroidism, sarcoidosis, excess intake of vitamin D, excess use of calcium-containing antacids, multiple myeloma, malignant disease, and, occasionally, by immobilization or Paget disease.
See also: nephropathy

hypercalcemic

pertaining to hypercalcemia.

hypercalcemic nephropathy
continuous high blood levels of calcium reduce renal efficiency and may cause mineralization of tubules and then glomeruli.

nephropathy

any disease of the kidneys.

analgesic nephropathy
see analgesic nephropathy.
baby chick nephropathy
see visceral gout.
familial nephropathy
different types of renal disease have been recorded as occurring on a familial basis in Finnish-Landrace sheep and several breeds of dogs, including Lhasa apsos, Shih tzus, Samoyeds, Bull terriers, Norwegian elkhounds, Cocker spaniels and Basenjis.
hypercalcemic nephropathy
juvenile nephropathy
suspected of being familial in many dog breeds especially Malamute, Miniature schnauzer, Keeshond, German shepherd; characterized by renal failure in immature or young adult dogs. The pathogenesis is poorly understood, hence the retention of the title nephropathy.
mycotoxic nephropathy
caused by mycotoxins, such as ochratoxin and citrinin, produced by Penicillium and Aspergillus spp.
pigment nephropathy
see hemoglobinuric nephrosis.
reflux nephropathy
pyelonephritis in which the renal scarring results from vesicoureteric reflux, with radiological appearance of intrarenal reflux.