and/or hyperlipasaemia: incidence and underlying causes in hospitalized patients with non-pancreatic diseases.
 In a previous report,  it was also demonstrated that patients with asymptomatic HIV infection or a CD4 cell count >500 cells/[micro]L did not develop asymptomatic hyperamylasaemia
or acute pancreatitis over a 1-year period.
occurred in 47% of patients poisoned with malathion.
and acute pancreatitis following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
Paraganglioma with acute hyperamylasaemia
masquerading as acute pancreatitis.
Haemosuccus pancreaticus due to mucinous cystadenocarcinoma: the significance of recurrent abdominal pain, hyperamylasaemia
and a pancreatic cyst in association with recurrentgastrointestinal bleeding.
The complication rate was 1.9% (1/52 procedures) which included mild pancreatitis, whereas asymptomatic hyperamylasaemia
was seen in 11% (6/52 procedures).
should alert to the possibility of a pancreatic injury, the initial serum amylase level correlates poorly with the presence and degree of pancreatic injury and may in fact be normal in the initial period following the injury.
TABLE 4 Causes of false positive and false-negative increases in amylase levels Causes of hyperamylasaemia
without acute pancreatitis (false-positive results) Abdominal diseases Pancreatic cancer Biliary tract disease Ulcer perforation Intestinal ischaemia, perforation, obstruction Liver disease Ectopic pregnancy Prostate disease Ovarial neoplasm Afferent loop obstruction Thoracic diseases Acute coronary syndrome Pulmonary embolism Pneumonia Lung cancer Renal diseases Renal insufficiency Renal transplantation Salivary gland diseases Salivary trauma Duct obstruction Infection (e.g.
However, HIV itself is known to cause hyperamylasaemia
and hyperlipasaemia in HIV infected patients (4).
A number of causes of hyperamylasaemia
have been reported.
has not been previously described in either baclofen or quetiapine overdose, although there are reports of acute pancreatitis in patients taking therapeutic doses of quetiapine (3).