hyoscine


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Related to hyoscine: scopolamine, Buscopan

scopolamine

 [sko-pol´ah-mēn]
an anticholinergic and antimuscarinic alkaloid derived from various plants, having a depressant effect on the central nervous system. Used as an antisialagogue preanesthetic medication and as an adjunct to general anesthesia, administered parenterally; as an antiemetic, administered orally or parenterally; and as a cycloplegic and mydriatic, applied topically to the conjunctiva. Called also hyoscine.

sco·pol·a·mine

(skō-pol'ă-mēn, -min),
An alkaloid found in the leaves and seeds of Hyoscyamus niger, Duboisia myoproides, Scopolia japonica, S. carniolica, Atropa belladonna, and other solanaceous plants; exerts anticholinergic actions similar to that of atropine, but is thought to have greater central nervous system effects; useful in preventing motion sickness; available as various salts.
Synonym(s): hyoscine

hyoscine

/hyo·scine/ (hi´o-sēn) scopolamine.

hyoscine

(hī′ə-sēn′)

hyoscine

hyoscine

Scopolamine. A drug structurally related to ATROPINE and having similar properties. It is used to treat painful menstruation and bowel colic. A brand name is Buscopan.

sco·pol·a·mine

(skō-pol'ă-mēn, -min)
An alkaloid found in the leaves and seeds of various plants; exerts anticholinergic actions similar to that of atropine, but is thought to have greater central nervous system effects; useful in preventing motion sickness.
Synonym(s): hyoscine.

hyoscine

References in periodicals archive ?
Efficacy of hyoscine butylbromide (Buscopan) suppositories as cervical spasmolytic agent in labor.
The study was designed as a randomized, double blind, controlled clinical trial that compared two groups: hyoscine given to group- A, while the placebo given to group-B.
As regards hyoscine heat labile and temperature decrease by increasing altitude also temperature decrease leads to hyoscineincrease [8].
We treated the patient with IV hyoscine butylbromide, an antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agent used as an abdominal-specific antispasmodic (Tytgat 2008).
However, in view of the fact that this pain was alleviated with hyoscine, an antispasmodic, it is possible that postoperative spasm in bowel smooth muscles has contributed to the high number of abdominal complaints following the use of the drug.
Another examination of 504 dying patients found hyoscine hydrobromide to be more effective at controlling the death rattle than glycopyrrolate when both were administered subcutaneously (Back et al.
Hyoscine affects memory and central respiratory depression in high doses during anesthesia.
He also received hyoscine butyl bromide and chlorpheniramine maleate.
On January 10, 1910, Doctor Hawley Harvey Crippen purchased five grains (325 mg) of hydrobromide of hyoscine at a chemist's shop in London.
They can cause drowsiness For more serious travel sickness a doctor may prescribe patches containing hyoscine (an anti-nausea drug).
In January 1910 Crippen purchased five grains of crystals of the poison hyoscine from a local chemist in Oxford Street.
Crises must be anticipated and medications must be available to attend to these crises, ie morphine for pain and distress, midazolam for sedation, and hyoscine for secretions and respiratory distress.