Hessa Ali Mubarak, Director of the Empowerment and Medical Compliance Department, stated that a lot of the traditional preparations and whitening creams sold without authorization are usually prepared with pharmacological compounds and creams that contain Hydroquinone
and Corticosteroids, and Vitamin A products, which cause a compounded effect that exceeds the melanin to affect the overall cells and increase the likelihood of the emergence of the side effects of the Hydroquinone
Melasma, tranexamic acid, hydroquinone
, efficacy, MASI score.
Wind forward a year and that alarming record has been smashed with a product called Grace Duo that contains 18% hydroquinone
Sun protection and post-treatment regimens of hydroquinone
(or other lightening agent) aid in hastening improvement.
is a hazardous substance and is classified as a category two carcinogen (suspected of causing cancer), consequently, the use of hydroquinone
in over-the-counter skin lightening cosmetic products is banned in the European Union.
A number of studies have investigated the reducing properties of hydroquinone
(H2Q) and L- cysteine (Cys) from the mechanistic point of view by variety of oxidants.
They spotted a number of skin-lightening products containing hydroquinone
Patients were advised pre peeling with hydroquinone
and retinoic acid for 3 weeks.
Studies have shown that long term hydroquinone
use can cause exogenous ochronosis, which is when your skin turns a bluish and black colour Hydroquinone
not only inhibits melanin production to help lighten skin, but long term use can actually damage your pigment cells.
and retinoic acid, two active ingredients present in the Obagi Nu Derm line, promote general repair, they also cause photosensitivity and hyperpigmentation or splotchy, uneven skin tone on certain people after several months of use.
is considered the gold standard for the topical treatment of hyperpigmentation.
com)-- Glycolic Acid and Hydroquinone
have both been regarded as effective ingredients to help lighten hyperpigmentation and reverse sun damage.