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Related to hydrops fetalis: erythroblastosis fetalis
old term for edema. adj., adj hydrop´ic.
fetal hydrops (hydrops feta´lis) gross edema of the entire body of the newborn infant, in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
fe·tal hy·drops, hydrops fetalis
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
hydrops fetalisKernicterus, Rh incompatibility, Rh-induced hemolytic disease of newborn Obstetrics An accumulation of fluid in neonates, resulting in a 'puffy', plethoric or hydropic appearance that may be due to various etiologies Clinical Ascites, edema, ↓ protein or chronic intrauterine anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, cardiomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis, jaundice, pallor COD Heart failure. See Hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Hydrops Fetalis, causes
Immune Mother produces IgG antibodies against infant antigen(s), often an RBC antigen, most commonly, anti-RhD, which then passes into the fetal circulation, causing hemolysis
Non-immune Hydrops may result from various etiologies including
• Fetal origin, eg congenital heart disease (premature foramen ovale closure, large AV septal defect), hematologic (erythroblastosis fetalis, α-thalassemia due to hemoglobin Barts, chronic fetomaternal or twin-twin transfusion), infection (CMV, herpesvirus, rubella, sepsis, toxoplasma), pulmonary (cystic adenomatoid malformation, diaphragmatic hernia, with pulmonary hypoplasia, lymphangiectasia), renal (vein thrombosis, congenital nephrosis) and teratomas, skeletal malformations (achondroplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta, fetal neuroblastomatosis, storage disease, meconium peritonitis, idiopathic)
• Placental Chorangioma, umbilical or chorionic vein thrombosis
• Maternal DM, toxemia
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
fe·tal hy·drops, hydrops fetalis (fē'tăl hī'drops, fē-tā'lis)
Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
hydrops fetalisThe most severe form of HAEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN. The fetus dies in the womb from the overwhelming toxic effect of the BILIRUBIN released during excessive breakdown of red blood cells. See also RHESUS FACTOR.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
A condition in which a fetus or newborn baby accumulates fluids, causing swollen arms and legs and impaired breathing.
Mentioned in: Erythroblastosis Fetalis
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.