hydrops fetalis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to hydrops fetalis: erythroblastosis fetalis

hydrops

 [hi´drops] (L.)
old term for edema. adj., adj hydrop´ic.
fetal hydrops (hydrops feta´lis) gross edema of the entire body of the newborn infant, in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

fe·tal hy·drops

, hydrops fetalis
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

hydrops fetalis

Kernicterus, Rh incompatibility, Rh-induced hemolytic disease of newborn Obstetrics An accumulation of fluid in neonates, resulting in a 'puffy', plethoric or hydropic appearance that may be due to various etiologies Clinical Ascites, edema, ↓ protein or chronic intrauterine anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, cardiomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis, jaundice, pallor COD Heart failure. See Hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Hydrops Fetalis, causes
Immune Mother produces IgG antibodies against infant antigen(s), often an RBC antigen, most commonly, anti-RhD, which then passes into the fetal circulation, causing hemolysis
Non-immune Hydrops may result from various etiologies including
•  Fetal origin, eg congenital heart disease (premature foramen ovale closure, large AV septal defect), hematologic (erythroblastosis fetalis, α-thalassemia due to hemoglobin Barts, chronic fetomaternal or twin-twin transfusion), infection (CMV, herpesvirus, rubella, sepsis, toxoplasma), pulmonary (cystic adenomatoid malformation, diaphragmatic hernia, with pulmonary hypoplasia, lymphangiectasia), renal (vein thrombosis, congenital nephrosis) and teratomas, skeletal malformations (achondroplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta, fetal neuroblastomatosis, storage disease, meconium peritonitis, idiopathic)
•  Placental Chorangioma, umbilical or chorionic vein thrombosis
 Maternal DM, toxemia  
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

fe·tal hy·drops

, hydrops fetalis (fē'tăl hī'drops, fē-tā'lis)
Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hydrops fetalis

The most severe form of HAEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN. The fetus dies in the womb from the overwhelming toxic effect of the BILIRUBIN released during excessive breakdown of red blood cells. See also RHESUS FACTOR.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Hydrops fetalis

A condition in which a fetus or newborn baby accumulates fluids, causing swollen arms and legs and impaired breathing.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chui, "[alpha]-thalassemia: Hb H disease and Hb Barts hydrops fetalis," Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.
Thus, not unexpectedly, only a few patients with HbH disease or hydrops fetalis have been documented in SA.
The clinical and demographic characteristics of the pregnant women Pregnants with Pregnants rhesus immunized with healty P fetuses (n=11) fetuses(n=22) Age (years) 32.8 [+ 29.7 [+ or -] 0.45 [bar.x] or -] 4.3 6.5 (21-42) [+ or -] SD Gestational age 29.1 [+ 28.6 [+ or -] 3.5 0.86 (weeks) [bar.x] or -] 3.4 [+ or -] SD Gravidy 6.7 [+ 3.0 [+ or -] 1.7 0.001 or -] 3.9 Hydrops fetalis 7 (63.6) 0 0.001 n (%)
Con estos hallazgos, se hizo diagnostico de teratoma congenito mediastinal, con hydrops fetalis, o eritroblastosis fetal, secundario no inmunitario.
Clinical manifestations of RhD hemolytic disease range from asymptomatic mild anemia to hydrops fetalis or stillbirth associated with severe anemia and jaundice.
Fetal tachycardia mechanisms and predictors of hydrops fetalis. J Am Coll Cardiol 1976;27:1736-1740.
Since there are four [alpha]-globin genes in the human genome and gene deletion is the most common [alpha]-globin gene mutation, there are four severities of [alpha]-thalassemia: hydrops fetalis (four deleted genes); hemoglobin H (HbH) disease (three deleted genes); [alpha]-thalassemia minor (two deleted genes); and silent carrier (one deleted gene) (Figure 3).