hydrops fetalis


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Related to hydrops fetalis: erythroblastosis fetalis

hydrops

 [hi´drops] (L.)
old term for edema. adj., adj hydrop´ic.
fetal hydrops (hydrops feta´lis) gross edema of the entire body of the newborn infant, in erythroblastosis fetalis.

fe·tal hy·drops

, hydrops fetalis
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.

hydrops fetalis

Kernicterus, Rh incompatibility, Rh-induced hemolytic disease of newborn Obstetrics An accumulation of fluid in neonates, resulting in a 'puffy', plethoric or hydropic appearance that may be due to various etiologies Clinical Ascites, edema, ↓ protein or chronic intrauterine anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, cardiomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis, jaundice, pallor COD Heart failure. See Hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Hydrops Fetalis, causes
Immune Mother produces IgG antibodies against infant antigen(s), often an RBC antigen, most commonly, anti-RhD, which then passes into the fetal circulation, causing hemolysis
Non-immune Hydrops may result from various etiologies including
•  Fetal origin, eg congenital heart disease (premature foramen ovale closure, large AV septal defect), hematologic (erythroblastosis fetalis, α-thalassemia due to hemoglobin Barts, chronic fetomaternal or twin-twin transfusion), infection (CMV, herpesvirus, rubella, sepsis, toxoplasma), pulmonary (cystic adenomatoid malformation, diaphragmatic hernia, with pulmonary hypoplasia, lymphangiectasia), renal (vein thrombosis, congenital nephrosis) and teratomas, skeletal malformations (achondroplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta, fetal neuroblastomatosis, storage disease, meconium peritonitis, idiopathic)
•  Placental Chorangioma, umbilical or chorionic vein thrombosis
 Maternal DM, toxemia  

fe·tal hy·drops

, hydrops fetalis (fē'tăl hī'drops, fē-tā'lis)
Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.

hydrops fetalis

The most severe form of HAEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN. The fetus dies in the womb from the overwhelming toxic effect of the BILIRUBIN released during excessive breakdown of red blood cells. See also RHESUS FACTOR.

Hydrops fetalis

A condition in which a fetus or newborn baby accumulates fluids, causing swollen arms and legs and impaired breathing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chui, "[alpha]-thalassemia: Hb H disease and Hb Barts hydrops fetalis," Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.
Thus, not unexpectedly, only a few patients with HbH disease or hydrops fetalis have been documented in SA.
Hydrops Fetalis: A Retrospective Review of Cases Reported to a Large National Database and Identification of Risk Factors Associated With Death.
Non-immune hydrops fetalis in the first trimester: a review of 30 cases.
The clinical and demographic characteristics of the pregnant women Pregnants with Pregnants rhesus immunized with healty P fetuses (n=11) fetuses(n=22) Age (years) 32.8 [+ 29.7 [+ or -] 0.45 [bar.x] or -] 4.3 6.5 (21-42) [+ or -] SD Gestational age 29.1 [+ 28.6 [+ or -] 3.5 0.86 (weeks) [bar.x] or -] 3.4 [+ or -] SD Gravidy 6.7 [+ 3.0 [+ or -] 1.7 0.001 or -] 3.9 Hydrops fetalis 7 (63.6) 0 0.001 n (%)
Con estos hallazgos, se hizo diagnostico de teratoma congenito mediastinal, con hydrops fetalis, o eritroblastosis fetal, secundario no inmunitario.
El PB19 es un virus de ADN de cadena simple, mejor conocido por ser el agente etiologico del eritema infeccioso en ninos, historicamente tambien se le ha relacionado con otras enfermedades como artropatias, crisis aplasica transitoria e hydrops fetalis. (1) Recientemente en algunos reportes de casos se le ha asociado ademas como agente causal de sindrome de fatiga cronica.
Clinical manifestations of RhD hemolytic disease range from asymptomatic mild anemia to hydrops fetalis or stillbirth associated with severe anemia and jaundice.
Fetal tachycardia mechanisms and predictors of hydrops fetalis. J Am Coll Cardiol 1976;27:1736-1740.
Since there are four [alpha]-globin genes in the human genome and gene deletion is the most common [alpha]-globin gene mutation, there are four severities of [alpha]-thalassemia: hydrops fetalis (four deleted genes); hemoglobin H (HbH) disease (three deleted genes); [alpha]-thalassemia minor (two deleted genes); and silent carrier (one deleted gene) (Figure 3).