hydrophobia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

hydrophobia

 [hi″dro-fo´be-ah]
1. irrational fear of water.
2. choking, gagging, and fear on attempts to drink in the acute neurologic phase of rabies, caused by pain from spasms of the pharynx or larynx.
3. former term for rabies.

ra·bies

(rā'bēz), Although the Latin word is correctly pronounced in three syllables, speakers of English virtually always reduce these to two.
Highly fatal infectious disease that may affect all species of warm-blooded animals, including humans; transmitted by the bite of infected animals including dogs, cats, skunks, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and bats, and caused by a neurotropic species of Lyssavirus, a member of the family Rhabdoviridae, that has tropism for the central nervous system and the salivary glands; inhalation infection possbile (aerosolized virus in bat caves, attics). The symptoms are characteristic of a profound disturbance of the nervous system, for example, excitement, aggressiveness, and madness, followed by paralysis and death. In animals, clinical signs are variable, and sometimes drooling and tongue paralysis are the only signs. Transmission of the virus can occur before clinical signs are expressed. Characteristic cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (Negri bodies) found in many neurons aid rapid laboratory diagnosis.
Synonym(s): hydrophobia
[L. rage, fury, fr. rabio, to rave, to be mad]

hydrophobia

(hī′drə-fō′bē-ə)
n.
1. An abnormal fear of water.
2. Rabies.

ra·bies

(rā'bēz)
Highly fatal infectious disease transmitted by the bite of infected animals, including dogs, cats, skunks, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and bats, and caused by a neurotropic lyssavirus that replicates in the central nervous system and the salivary glands. The symptoms are excitement, aggressiveness, and madness, followed by paralysis and death. Characteristic cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (Negri bodies) found in many of the neurons are an aid to rapid laboratory diagnosis.
Synonym(s): hydrophobia.

hydrophobia

Violent and painful spasms of the throat muscles occurring as one of the principal symptoms of RABIES. Literally, fear of water.
References in periodicals archive ?
In OECT 11, 4, the patient is said to have "fear/trembling on his lips," which possibly indicates hydrophobia. In the Standard Babylonian Disease List (MSL 9, 96, 165-66) we have a disease of fear: [a.sup.?]-[gi.sub.4] and [x]-[sa.sub.3] = pu-ul-hi-tu, which may also indicate hydrophobia.
Profile of hydrophobia cases admitted to infectious diseases hospital, CSM medical university, Lucknow.
"There were several hydrophobia scares in Carmarthenshire in the late 1890s and early 1900s, especially in the Pontarddulais and Amman valley areas.
Although this patient did not have classic symptoms such as laryngeal spasms (manifested as hydrophobia) or autonomic instability, the lack of such symptoms has been documented in other rabies patients (1,2,6).
Where buyers had become price sensitive after months of rising prices, sellers now fear an outbreak of hydrophobia in line with rising floodwaters.
'He had symptoms of hydrophobia, aerophobia, headache, hallucination, overall weakness and paralysis.
Clinical manifestations of rabies virus infection include a nonspecific prodrome (malaise, fever, headache) that lasts days to weeks, followed by confusion and paresthesias, which progress to paresis, hydrophobia, coma, and death (22).
What is the common name for the viral infection hydrophobia? 3.
After the patient's death, the possibility of rabies as a cause of his illness was considered by the ED physician because 1) the patient exhibited hydrophobia and aggressive behavior, and 2) the patient had come to the United States from a canine rabies enzootic region in Mexico only the day before his presentation at the ED.
It is two decades since Steven Spielberg gave an entire generation hydrophobia as his rubber fish ate its way through Amityville and into the nation's psyche.
Mangsa keenam yang meninggal dunia pada 4 Feb lalu itu berasal dari Jalan Batu Kawa-Matang dikesan digigit anjing pada November tahun lalu di kawasan Jalan Batu Kawa-Matang sebelum disahkan menghidap rabies pada 24 Januari lepas, setelah mengalami simptom hydrophobia, halusinasi dan agresif.
In humans, rabies often develops with a wide variety of nonspecific clinical symptoms, and symptoms believed to be typical of rabies (e.g., foaming at the mouth, hydrophobia, and extreme aggressiveness) are frequently not observed.