The fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4) has been implicated in hydropericardium syndrome
(HPS) in chicken resulting huge economic losses in poultry industry of Pakistan.
Characterization of avianadenovirus type-4 causing hydropericardium syndrome
in broilers in Karachi, Pakistan.
Angara Disease also called hydropericardium syndrome
(HPS) is an important disease of broilers (36 weeks old) and breeders (620 weeks old) which causes high mortality resulting in heavy economic losses.
The results revealed that out of 210 broiler flocks affected with different diseases problem 17, 5and2 broiler flocks were affected with Newcastle disease (N.D), Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro) and Hydropericardium syndrome
disease (HPS) respectively.
coli, Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD), Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD), Hydropericardium Syndrome
(HPS), and New Castle Disease (ND) also described by Yunus et al(2008).Environmental factors may have profound effects on occurrence of poultry diseases and this important relationship has never been explored in Pakistan (Yunus et al., 2009).
Effects of Salinomycin on cell-mediated immunity of broiler chickens against Hydropericardium Syndrome
and New Castle disease viruses.
IBH, hydropericardium syndrome
(HPS) and gizzard erosions (GE) are the most important diseases in chickens associated with fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) (Wells and Harrigan, 1974; Nakamura et al., 1999; Domanska-Blicharz et al., 2011).
Among viral diseases, Newcastle disease (ND), hydropericardium syndrome
(HPS) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) are the three most prevalent ones in Pakistan, inflicting heavy economic losses (Beenish et al., 2013).
Immune system dysfunction in broiler chicken experimentally inoculated with fowl adenovirus serotype 4 associated with inclusion body hepatitis hydropericardium syndrome
Development and evaluation of montanide-adjuvanted vaccines for the protection of chickens against inclusion body hepatitis- hydropericardium syndrome
Comparative pathogenicity of liver homogenate and cell culture propagated hydropericardium syndrome
virus in broiler birds.
Even though various serotypes of fowl adenovirus (FAV) produce inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) in broiler chicks, along with hydropericardium syndrome
, popularly called Litchi heart disease or Angara disease, has recently been reported in some countries in Asia and America (Shane, 1996; Abe et al., 1998).