hydropericardium


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hydropericardium

 [hi″dro-per″ĭ-kahr´de-um]
an abnormal collection of fluid in the pericardial cavity.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

hy·dro·per·i·car·di·um

(hī'drō-per'i-kar'dē-ŭm),
A noninflammatory accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

hy·dro·per·i·car·di·um

(hī'drō-per'i-kahr'dē-ŭm)
A noninflammatory accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hydropericardium

An accumulation of fluid in the membranous bag (pericardial sac) that surrounds the heart. See also PERICARDITIS.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4) has been implicated in hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) in chicken resulting huge economic losses in poultry industry of Pakistan.
At necropsy of calf C (episode 2), the heart had a rounded contour due to bilateral ventricular dilation (Figure 1A), approximately 30% of the ventricular myocardium had extensive areas of pallor (Figure 1B), and there was moderate hydropericardium. The liver had a diffuse undulating irregular capsular surface, and there was a pronounced accentuation of the lobular pattern of the hepatic parenchyma ("nutmeg" liver, Figure 1D) .Lungs had severe diffuse bilateral edema and congestion with expansion of the interlobular septae (Figure 1E).
The results revealed that out of 210 broiler flocks affected with different diseases problem 17, 5and2 broiler flocks were affected with Newcastle disease (N.D), Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro) and Hydropericardium syndrome disease (HPS) respectively.
The heart of the treated animals when observed macroscopically showed sagging, ecchymoses, focal yellowish white areas suggestive of necrosis (Figure 1(b)), and severe hydropericardium. In one animal from the G25 group, the heart showed an irregular surface with whitish nodules above the epicardium, accompanied by hemorrhagic spots.
However, rests of the diseases diagnosed during the period were Enteritis, Omphalitis and Hydropericardium.
Adverse outcomes were in-hospital complications including the following cardiovascular outcomes: malignant arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmia therapy or insertion of a temporary pacemaker, hydropericardium diagnosed by cardiac ultrasound needing treatment, postoperative heart failure (without preoperative heart failure, Ross scores of greater than three after surgery and treated with vasopressors) and pulmonary hypertension crisis diagnosed by clinicians (severe hypoxemia, severe hypotension, increased central venous pressure, tachycardia and metabolic acidosis).
ARVs cause a range of diseases in chicken, including viral arthritis/ tenosynovitis, and are associated with respiratory disease, enteric disease, inclusion body hepatitis, hydropericardium, runting stunting syndrome, malabsorption syndrome, and sudden death.
Remember that necropsy evidences are hydropericardium, heart dilatation, muscles and intestine hyperemia, accumulation of transudate fluid contained fibrin in abdominal cavity and liver edematous.
Hydropericardium is the most frequent form of pericardial involvement in pregnancy.
(10) In our case, massive hydropericardium implied cardiac involvement, but cytology of the pericardial fluid, which showed small lymphoid cells, did not result in diagnosis as a malignancy.
(11) It has been used successfully to treat hydropericardium in a Fischer's lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) and right heart failure in a blue-fronted Amazon parrot (Amazona aestiva) and an African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus).