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The obsolete use of water to treat and cure disease.


n. pl. hydropa·thies
Internal and external use of water as a therapeutic treatment for all forms of disease.

hy′dro·path′ic (hī′drə-păth′ĭk), hy′dro·path′i·cal adj.
hy·drop′a·thist, hy′dro·path′ n.


(1) A modality for treating certain diseases (hydropathies) by applying water either externally (as an external "pressor”) or internally (to impart physical energy to tissues). As thus defined, hydrotherapy dates to ancient China, Greece and Rome, and consists of the use of steam, hot or cold water or ice to maintain and/or restore health by immersion in baths, saunas, or other forms of hydration—either externally, in the form of baths or compresses, or internally (e.g., colonic irrigation or enemas). Hydrotherapy is loosely based on the physiological responses to cold (vasoconstriction, pallor, gooseflesh, shivering, increased pulse, shallow and rapid respiration and cooling of skin) and to heat (vasodilation, redness, slowed followed by quickened pulse, sweating, nervous excitation and increased muscle irritability), and the subsequent responses to each.

Anecdotal reports suggest that hydrotherapy may be beneficial for patients with acne, adenoids, AIDS, anaemia, anorexia, anxiety, arthritis, asthma, bedwetting, bladder problems, bronchitis, bruises, bunions, burns, bursitis, cancer, chickenpox, chronic fatigue syndrome, circulatory defects, claustrophobia, colds, conjunctivitis, cramps, croup, cystitis, depression, fever, fissures, fluid retention, gallstones, gastrointestinal tract problems (e.g., anal changes, gastritis, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, constipation, diarrhoea and irritable bowl syndrome), gout, headaches, heat rash, haemorrhoids, hypertension, infertility, insomnia, jaundice, jet lag, laryngitis, low back pain, measles, menopause, menstrual disorders, migraines, painful conditions (including neuralgia), mood swings, muscle weakness, neurological complaints, obesity, panic attacks, parasites, periodontal disease, phobias, postpartum depression, premenstrual syndrome, prostate disease, rheumatic disease, sexually transmitted infection, slipped or prolapsed vertebral disks, psoriasis, renal disease, sciatica, sinusitis, sleep disorders, sports injuries, stasis (decubitus) ulcers, stress, tension, urinary incontinence, vertigo, wheezing, whooping cough and other conditions.

(2) Hydration (therapy). 
(3) Balneotherapeutics (bath therapy).


A form of ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE in which water with alleged medicinal properties is used either externally or internally to try to cure disease or improve health.

hydropathy (hī·drˑ·p·thē),

n a system of alternative medicine in which baths are administered to stimulate the patient in order to eliminate disease. Developed in Austria in the 1820s, this system was popularized in the United States in the 1840s but lost its popularity soon after the Civil War. The system was enhanced by a series of changes to regulate lifestyle, such as exercise, diet, dress, and sleep patterns. Also called
References in periodicals archive ?
Second, data from nucleotide and amino acid sequences, and hydropathy plots showed that the tertiary structures of bindin proteins were very similar among the 3 species of Crassostrea.
Subunit/ Molecular Mean Transmembrane weight hydropathy Amphypathy segment (Da) pI (GRAVY) moment NR1-TM1 2355 3.
Sequence analyses and hydropathy predictions of the four D.
On the hydropathy profile, the N-terminus was found to be more hydrophilic than the C-terminus.
The hydropathy plot and the TMAP prediction derived from the World-Wide Web service showed that porcine ADAMTS1 protein included no transmembrane region and there were many cysteine residues and four putative N-glycosylation sites in the protein which indicated that the ADAMTS1 gene product was a putative cysteine-rich secretory glycoprotein.
For example during the first movement, hydropathy (the water cure movement), homeopathy (the dilution system invented by Hahnemann), and botanical medicine (Thomsonianism) were popular, while the second phase produced Christian Science and New Thought in opposition to regular medicine.
This percentage is likely an underestimate since many of the gene products annotated as hypothetical proteins have hydropathy profiles reflective of known transporters.
Within a few years, the quiet village grew into a bustling and fashionable town - the hydropathy quality fired a popularity akin to a Gold Rush.
The 10 selected physicochemical properties are: Hydropathy index, Polarity, Normalized van der Waals volume, Atom-based hydrophobic moment, The Kerrconstant increments, Spin-spin coupling constants 3JHalpha-NH, The Chou-Fasman parameter of the coil conformation, Alpha-helix propensity derived from designed sequences, Relative preference value at C', and pK (-COOH)
Figure 3 shows the 10 models that are obtained when the physicochemical property Hydropathy is used in the interaction matrix; we call this set of models the Hydropathy collection.
Nramp2 has been isolated in mouse and human and shows a high degree of similarity to Nramp1 (77% overall similarity), with identical hydropathy profiles and predicted secondary structures (41,42).
However, as shown in Figure 2B, the mean hydropathy profiles of CiENDS1 showed that the N-terminus was highly hydrophobic.