hydramnios


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Related to hydramnios: oligohydramnios, polyhydramnios

hydramnios

 [hi-dram´ne-os]
excess of amniotic fluid; i.e., more than 2000 ml. Amniotic fluid volume should increase gradually, reaching a peak of approximately 1000 ml between 34 and 36 weeks of pregnancy.

hy·dram·ni·os

, hydramnion (hī-dram'nē-os, -nē-on),
Presence of an excessive amount of amniotic fluid, usually over 2,000 mL.
Synonym(s): polyhydramnios
[G. hydōr, water, + amnion]

hydramnios

Polyhydramnios Obstetrics The presence or ≥ 2 liters of amniotic fluid; 20% of fetal malformations are accompanied by hydramnios, 20% are associated with anencephaly, 10% with multiparity, 5-10% with DM; other conditions linked to hydramnios include esophageal and duodenal atresia, hydrops fetalis, hydrocephalus, spina bifida, achondroplasia, toxemia, toxins–eg, lithium therapy; ± 50% have no fetal or maternal defects

hy·dram·ni·os

, hydramnion (hī-dram'nē-os, -on)
Presence of an excessive amount of amnionic fluid, usually over 2,000 mL.
[G. hydōr, water, + amnion]

hydramnios

An excess of AMNIOTIC fluid in the pregnant womb (uterus). This is one of the common complications of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
of Cases Percentage Cervical incompetence 11 11% Malpresentations 6 6% H/o previous PROM 8 8% H/o previous Preterm 9 9% Hydramnios 4 4% UTI 6 6% Twins 4 4% Previous D and C 12 12% Recent coitus 7 7% No risk factors 33 33% Total 100 100% Table 3: Duration of PROM Duration of PROM [hrs.] No.
Hydramnios, the overall incidence in the study was 15%; 3% of the patients among this group was associated with some obstetric or fetal complication.
Table 1 Date of Fetus A Fetus B USG done 4/5/15 MCDA Viable, GA- 13W+3D Demised fetus, GA-9W 27/5/15 MCDA GA-16W+5D,14.2gms, single Acardiac twin/TRAP- umbilical artery, common Volume of 28cc placenta, normal liquor, normal-doppler 9/6/15 MCDA GA-18 Weeks+4 Days, Volume- 44cc 19.4gms 22/6/15 MCDA GA-20 Weeks+3 Days, Volume-49cc 28.9gms 13/7/15 MCDA GA-23 Weeks+3 Days, Volume- 170cc 44.3gms 27/7/15 MCDA GA-25 Weeks+3 Days, Volume- 370cc 66.5gms 24/8/15 RFA GA-28 Weeks 9/9/15 GA-31 Weeks+5 Days, Volume-103cc 138.2gms, cephalic presentation 24/9/15 GA-33 Weeks+6 Days, Volume-129cc 175.6gms, hydramnios
Poly hydramnios is usually present and its severity increases in proximal obstruction.
All cases of Anencephaly had maternal history of Hydramnios in this study.
Obstetrical Complications: Women with gestational age more than 30 weeks taken for study irrespective of their obstetrical complications like anemia, PIH, IUGR, hydramnios.
Risk factors taken into account were Hydramnios, Suspected big baby, Glycosuria and Obesity.
Another rare case in our study was congenital mesoblastic nephroma operated in 11 day old infant, with history of maternal hydramnios, premature birth, abdominal mass.
PERCENTAGE Eclampsia 21 14 11 0.92 Pre eclamptic 10 6.66 26 2.18 toxemia Antepartum 13 8.66 27 2.26 hemorrhage Cephalopelvic 1 0.66 3 0.25 Disproportion Oligo 21 14 11 0.92 hydramnios ASPHYXIA (n = 150) CONTROLS (n = 1190) RISK FACTORS INTRAPARTUM FACTORS No.
In present study total number of cases of placental grade-II is 66 cases out of which 2 cases of anemia, 1 case of APH, one case BOH, one case breech, 2cases of hypothyroidism, 3 cases oligohydramnios, 5 cases pre-eclampsia, 2 cases poly hydramnios, 1 case post datism, 3 cases of previous section 5 cases of PROM, 1 case of Rh incompatibility, 3 cases of twins and 36 cases without any risk factor.
Anaemia 28.5% 18.1% sulaiman et al [1] 10% ekachai et al [5] Preterm 7.1% 24.3% sulaiman et al [1] 27.45% yasmin et al [3] Oligo hydramnios 7.1% 2.24% yasmin et al [3] Gestational nil 0.4% ekachai et al [5] hypertension 6.4% kayasatha et al [6] Gestational diabetes nil 0.3% ekachai et al [5] Abruptio placenta 3.5% 0.1% ekachai et al [5] Caesarean section 33% 19% sulaiman et al 4.1% ttlao et al Spontaneous vaginal 55.3% 79.4% Ttlao et al delivery 89% Sulaiman et al Low birth weight 12.5% 16.86% yasmin et al 17.4% ekachai et al Low Apgar 16% 2.5% ekachai et al CONCLUSION: Most of the teenagers are found to be anaemic which increases the morbidity, This is mainly due to the low socioeconomic status.
of cases Normal pregnancy 53 Marginal placenta previa 4 Hydramnios 1 Twin pregnancy 5 Incomplete abortion 16 Quadruplets 1 Anencephaly 1 Hydatidiform mole 2 Missed abortion 2 Ruptured ectopic gestation 2 Threatened abortion 3 Breech presentation 3 Intrauterine foetal death 3 Abdominal ectopic gestation 1 Right ovarian cyst 1 Oligohydramnios 1 Retroverted uterus 1 Total 100 50% of the cases were of normal pregnancy.