any infection caused by an imperfect fungus of the form-class Hyphomycetes; the group has been divided into hyalohyphomycosis and phaeohyphomycosis based on the color of the mycelium and wall of the fungus.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


A general term for infection in tissue caused by a fungus with hyaline (colorless) mycelium. If the mold can be identified, disease should be given a specific name, such as aspergillosis or fusariosis.
[hyalo- + G. hyphē, web, + mykēs, fungus, + -osis, condition]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


An infection caused by a fungus with hyaline (colorless) mycelia in tissue, usually with a decrease in body resistance due to surgery, indwelling catheters, steroid therapy, or immunosuppressive drugs or cytotoxins.
[hyalo- + G. hyphē, web, + mykēs, fungus, + -osis, condition]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Direct microscopic examination of the samples showed hyaline septate hyphae consistent with hyalohyphomycosis. Biopsy samples grew 2 bacteria, Corynebacterium striatum and Enterococcus faecalis, and 1 filamentous fungus, Aspergillus flavus, that we identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Microflex LT, https:// www.bruker.com) against an in-house database described by Normand et al.
Several species of Fusarium have emerged as important opportunistic pathogens in humans causing a broad spectrum of infections such as hyalohyphomycosis, mycotic keratitis, onychomycosis, pneumonia, disseminated infections and sinusitis mostly in immunocompromised patients (43,44).
Girolomoni, "Localized cutaneous hyalohyphomycosis caused by a Fusarium species infection in a renal transplant patient," Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.
Cutaneous hyalohyphomycosis, vaginitis, endophthalmitis, fungemia, onychomycosis, keratitis, and bursitis have all been reported.
Cutaneous hyalohyphomycosis caused by Paecilomyces lilacinus: Report of three cases and review of the literature.
Many cases have already been described causing endocarditis (Silver et al., 1971), endocarditis by cardiac surgery infection (Jang et al., and Uys et al., 1963), systemic micosis in dogs (Jang et al.), cerebrospinal fluid shunt in a paient with cancer (Fagerburg et al., 1981), patient whose was lung transplant sumitted (Lee et al., 2002), infection of the paranasal sinuses of a child eight years old (Nayak et al., 2000), progressive cutaneous hyalohyphomycosis in a patient submitted for chemotherapy (Safdar, 2002), besides cases prosthetics introductions and imunossupression as pneumonia, peritonitis, fungemia, sinusits, endophthalmitis, cutaneos infection, and others described by search of Kantarcioglu et al.
Pathology of hyalohyphomycosis caused by Acedosporium apiospermum (Pseudallescheria boydii): an emerging mycosis.
Acremonium species: a review of the etiological agents of emerging hyalohyphomycosis. Mycopathologia.
On the other hand, some fungi are pathogenic; such as Aspergillus that causes chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (10), Chrysoporium that cause hyalo-hyphomycosis (11), Alternaria that cause respiratory infections (12) and Acremonium that cause mycetoma, onychomycosis, and hyalohyphomycosis (13).
Pathology of hyalohyphomycosis caused by Scedosporium apiospermum (Pseudallescheria boydii): An emerging mycosis.
Cutaneous hyalohyphomycosis caused by Paecilomyces lilacinus in an immunocompetent host successfully treated with itraconazole: case report and review.