hyaline cartilage


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Related to hyaline cartilage: synovial joint

cartilage

 [kahr´tĭ-lij]
a specialized, fibrous connective tissue present in adults, and forming most of the temporary skeleton in the embryo, providing a model in which most of the bones develop, and constituting an important part of the organism's growth mechanism; the three most important types are hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Also, a general term for a mass of such tissue in a particular site in the body.
 Involvement of joint and cartilage in osteoarthritis. From ARHP Arthritis Teaching Slide Collection, American College of Rheumatology.
alar c's the cartilages of the wings of the nose.
aortic cartilage the second costal cartilage on the right side.
arthrodial cartilage (articular cartilage) that lining the articular surfaces of synovial joints.
arytenoid c's two pyramid-shaped cartilages of the larynx.
connecting cartilage that connecting the surfaces of an immovable joint.
costal cartilage a bar of hyaline cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum in the case of true ribs, or to the immediately above rib in the case of the upper false ribs.
cricoid cartilage a ringlike cartilage forming the lower and back part of the larynx.
diarthrodial cartilage articular cartilage.
elastic cartilage cartilage that is more opaque, flexible, and elastic than hyaline cartilage, and is further distinguished by its yellow color. The ground substance is penetrated in all directions by frequently branching fibers that give all of the reactions for elastin.
ensiform cartilage xiphoid process.
fibrous cartilage fibrocartilage.
floating cartilage a detached portion of semilunar cartilage in the knee joint.
hyaline cartilage flexible, somewhat elastic, semitransparent cartilage with an opalescent bluish tint, composed of a basophilic fibril-containing substance with cavities in which the chondrocytes occur.
 Hyaline cartilage. The matrix nearest the chondrocytes is intensely staining; although the matrix appears homogeneous, collagen fibrils may be visualized by polarized light or electron microscopy. From Dorland's, 2000.
Meckel's cartilage the ventral cartilage of the first branchial arch.
permanent cartilage cartilage that does not normally become ossified.
Reichert's cartilage the dorsal cartilage of the second branchial arch.
reticular cartilage elastic cartilage.
semilunar cartilage one of the two interarticular cartilages of the knee joint.
temporary cartilage cartilage that is normally destined to be replaced by bone.
thyroid cartilage the shield-shaped cartilage of the larynx, underlying the laryngeal prominence on the surface of the neck.
vomeronasal cartilage either of the two narrow strips of cartilage, one on each side, of the nasal septum supporting the vomeronasal organ.
yellow cartilage elastic cartilage.

hy·a·line car·ti·lage

cartilage having a frosted-glass appearance, with interstitial substance containing fine type II collagen fibers obscured by the ground substance; in developing cartilage, the cells are often present in isogenous groups.

hyaline cartilage

n.
Semitransparent, opalescent cartilage with a blue tint, consisting of cells that synthesize a surrounding matrix of hyaluronic acid, collagen, and protein. It forms most of the fetal skeleton and is found in the trachea, larynx, and joint surfaces of the adult.

hyaline cartilage

Etymology: Gk, hyalos, glass; L, cartilago
a type of connective tissue composed of specialized cells in a translucent, pearly blue matrix. Hyaline cartilage thinly covers the articulating ends of bones, connects the ribs to the sternum, and supports the nose, the trachea, and part of the larynx. It is covered by a membranous perichondrium, except where it coats the ends of bones, and tends to calcify in advanced age. Compare elastic cartilage, white fibrocartilage.

hy·a·line car·ti·lage

(hī'ă-lēn kahr'ti-lăj)
Cartilage with a frosted-glass appearance, with interstitial substance containing fine collagen fibers.

hyaline cartilage

see CARTILAGE.

cartilage

a specialized, gristly connective tissue present in both mature animals and embryos, providing a model in which most of the bones develop, and constituting an important part of the organism's growth mechanism; the three most important types are hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage and fibrocartilage. Also, a general term for a mass of such tissue in a particular site in the body.

alar c's
the cartilages of the wings of the nose.
annular ear cartilage
a ring of cartilage interposed between the rolled-up auricular cartilage and the skull.
arthrodial cartilage, articular cartilage
that clothing the articular surfaces of synovial joints.
arytenoid c's
two pyramid-shaped cartilages of the larynx.
auricular cartilage
cartilage of the pinna and much of the external ear canal.
cartilage canals
tunnels containing blood vessels incorporated in developing cartilage.
connecting cartilage
that connecting the surfaces of an immovable joint.
costal cartilage
a bar of hyaline cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum in the case of true ribs, or to the immediately cranial rib in the case of the anterior false ribs.
cricoid cartilage
a ringlike cartilage forming the caudal part of the larynx.
diarthrodial cartilage
articular cartilage.
distal phalangeal cartilage
the ungual cartilages of the third phalanx in the horse lie mostly against the hoof wall but can be palpated if ossified. See also sidebone.
elastic cartilage
cartilage that is more opaque, flexible and elastic than hyaline cartilage, and is further distinguished by its yellow color. The ground substance is penetrated in all directions by frequently branching fibers that give all of the reactions for elastin.
cartilage emboli
see fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy.
ensiform cartilage
xiphoid process.
fibrous cartilage
fibrocartilage.
floating cartilage
a detached portion of semilunar cartilage in the stifle joint.
hoof cartilage
see distal phalangeal cartilage (above).
hyaline cartilage
flexible, somewhat elastic, semitransparent cartilage with an opalescent bluish tint, composed of a basophilic fibril-containing substance with cavities in which the chondrocytes occur.
interarytenoid cartilage
an occasional cartilage located between the two arytenoid cartilages.
nasal cartilage
rostral end to the internasal septum, separating the nasal cavities and anchoring the other cartilages around the nostrils.
parapatellar cartilage
cartilaginous plates medial and lateral to the patella in some species, e.g. dogs.
permanent cartilage
cartilage that does not normally become ossified.
retained enchondral cartilage cores
occur in ulnar metaphysis and lateral femoral condyles of young, giant breed dogs. Visible radiographically as radiolucent inverted cones, extending into the metaphysis, they are often associated with growth deformities such as forelimb valgus and genu valgum.
reticular cartilage
elastic cartilage.
scapular cartilage
dorsal extension of the scapula in ungulates; tends to calcify with age.
cartilage scissors
used for ear cropping in dogs.
semilunar cartilage
one of the two intra-articular cartilages of the stifle joint.
temporary cartilage
cartilage that is normally destined to be replaced by bone.
thyroid cartilage
the unpaired cartilage of the larynx to which the vocal folds attach.
tibial cartilage
the bed of cartilage located on the caudal surface of the intertarsal joint of birds; the tendons of the digital flexors pass through it.
ungual cartilage
see distal phalangeal cartilage (above).
vomeronasal cartilage
either of the two narrow strips of cartilage, one on each side, of the nasal septum supporting the vomeronasal organ.
xiphoid cartilage
posterior continuation of the sternum; supports the anterior abdominal wall, especially the linea alba.
yellow cartilage
elastic cartilage.

hyaline

glassy; pellucid.

hyaline body
hyaline cartilage
see hyaline cartilage.
hyaline cast
see urinary cast.
hyaline degeneration
see hyaline degeneration.
hyaline globules
composed of fibrin degradation products these contribute to the formation of microthrombi. Called also shock bodies.
hyaline membrane
composed of fibrin and cell debris, this membrane lines the alveoli when there has been severe damage to the alveolar epithelium. See also hyaline membrane (3).
hyaline membrane disease
a disorder of newborn animals, most commonly foals, characterized by the formation of a hyalin-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory passages. Neonates with this disease do not secrete adequate quantities of surfactant, which is secreted by type II alveolar epithelial cells, and decreases the surface tension of the fluids lining the alveoli and bronchioles. When the surface tension is kept low, air can pass through the fluids and into the alveoli. If the surface tension is not decreased by adequate supplies of surfactant, the alveoli cannot fill with air and there is partial or complete collapse of the lung (atelectasis). Thus the foal with hyaline membrane disease suffers from respiratory embarrassment with severe dyspnea. See also neonatal maladjustment syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, the defect is repaired with hyaline cartilage, as compared to fibrocartilage in other modalities.
After the defect is identified, its edges are debrided to healthy hyaline cartilage with curettes, a knife blade, or an arthroscopic resector blade.
Reappraisal of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma: novel morphologic observations of the hyaline cartilage and endochondral ossification and [beta]-catenin, Sox9, and osteocalcin immunostaining of 22 cases.
In the skull, there is no normal cartilage formation, however; in the graft, metaplasia occurred and the hyaline cartilage in the mesenchymal tissue was formed.
The star's problem is with the hyaline cartilage in his right knee - the joint which holds it together.
The partial cartilage defect treated with the cell-mediated gene therapy procedure was covered by newly formed hyaline cartilage which indicates that the cells survived and stimulated matrix formation in this area.
As stated previously, fibrocartilage has inferior mechanical and wear properties compared to native hyaline cartilage.
The problem was that my patella (knee cap) was rubbing against my femur (thigh bone), all the hyaline cartilage having worn away.
But we have a lot of work to do before we know how to guide stem cells into hyaline cartilage so they don't end up in hypertrophic cartilage or calcification or fibrous tissue," said Dr.
NeoCart[R] uses regenerative medicine technology to create personalized hyaline cartilage tissue from a patient's own cells.
This fibrocartilage is produced by undifferentiated marrow mesenchymal cells, but it does not resemble the structure, composition, or durability of normal hyaline cartilage.
Microscopic examination revealed well-differentiated hyaline cartilage arranged in lobules; there were no atypical cells, multinucleation, or mitotic activity (Figure 3).