humerus


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humerus

 [hu´mer-us] (pl. hu´meri) (L.)
the bone of the upper arm, extending from shoulder to elbow, consisting of a shaft and two enlarged extremities. The proximal end has a smooth round head that articulates with the scapula to form the shoulder joint. Just below the head are two rounded processes called the greater and lesser tubercles; the area just below the tubercles is called the “surgical neck,” because of its liability to fracture. The distal end of the humerus has two articulating surfaces: the trochlea, which articulates with the ulna, and the capitulum, which articulates with the radius at the elbow. and see Appendices.
Humerus. From Applegate, 2000.

hu·mer·us

, gen. and pl.

hu·mer·i

(hyū'mĕr-ŭs, -ī), [TA]
The bone of the arm, articulating with the scapula above and the radius and ulna below.
Synonym(s): arm bone
[L. shoulder]

humerus

/hu·mer·us/ (hu´mer-us) pl. hu´meri   [L.] the bone that extends from the shoulder to the elbow articulating proximally with the scapula and distally with the radius and ulna.hu´meral
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Anterior view of right humerus.

humerus

(hyo͞o′mər-əs)
n. pl. hu·meri (-mə-rī′)
The long bone of the arm or forelimb, extending from the shoulder to the elbow.

humerus

[hyo̅o̅′mərəs] pl. humeri
Etymology: L, shoulder
the bone of the upper arm, from the elbow to the shoulder joint where it articulates with the scapula. It comprises a body, a head, and two condyles. The body is almost cylindric proximally and prismatic and flattened distally and has two borders and three surfaces. The nearly hemispheric head articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula and has a constriction called the surgical neck, frequently the seat of a fracture. The condyles at the distal end have several features that articulate with the radius and ulna. Also called arm bone. humeral, adj.
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Humerus

hu·mer·us

(hyū'mĕr-ŭs) [TA]
The bone of the arm, articulating with the scapula above and the radius and ulna below.
[L. shoulder]

humerus

(hu'mer-us) [L. humerus, upper arm, shoulder]
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HUMERUS
The bone of the upper arm; it articulates with the scapula at the shoulder and with the ulna and radius at the elbow. See: illustration

anatomical neck of humerus

The constricted segment of the humerus between the head and the greater tubercle.

fracture of humerus

See: fracture.

humerus

The long upper arm bone that articulates at its upper end with a shallow cup in a side process of the shoulder blade (scapula) and, at its lower end with the RADIUS and ULNA bones of the lower arm.

humerus

the bone of the vertebrate forelimb (or arm) nearest to the body, to which it is attached at the shoulder. It is attached distally to the RADIUS and ULNA at the elbow.

Humerus

The bone of the upper arm.
Mentioned in: Osteomyelitis
Figure 1: The nervous system.

humerus

the bone of the upper arm, articulating at the shoulder joint with the scapula, and at the elbow joint with the ulna and radius. Figure 1.

humerus

the bone of the upper forelimb, extending from shoulder to elbow. It consists of a shaft and two enlarged extremities. The proximal end has a smooth round head that articulates with the scapula to form the shoulder joint. Just below the head are two rounded processes called the greater and lesser tubercles. The distal end of the humerus has a trochlea, which articulates with the ulna, and a capitulum, which articulates with the radius, at the elbow. See also Table 10.
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Humerus of the dog. By permission from Aspinall V, O'Reilly M, Introduction to Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology, Butterworth Heinemann, 2004
References in periodicals archive ?
The humerus being the longest and strongest bone of the upper limb and is very important to identify the humeral length by segmental measurements which is applicable for anatomist, anthropologist and forensic specialist in various studies.
The treatment of pediatric supracondylar humerus fracture.
12] reported in their study that overweight and obese women in menopause were 30% more prone to fractures of the proximal humerus compared to normal weight women.
The article presents the effect of the gap shape in case of extra-articular distal humerus fracture on biomechanical properties.
Table 2: Age groups of patients of closed diaphyseal humerus shaft fractures (N=59).
5) as well as elbow and humerus fracture caseload (55 versus 34.
The retrospective study was conducted at Department of Orthopaedics in Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, and comprised data of children who underwent paediatric supracondylar humerus fracture surgery between April 1991 and June 2009.
Fractures of the proximal head humerus are very common in occurrence, in osteoporotic people, which are being managed by various methods.
Radial nerve injury may occur with fractures involving distal humerus and careful assessment of animal's neurologic status is essential.
Leunig, "Predictors of humeral head ischemia after intracapsular fracture of the proximal humerus," Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol.
Inclusion criteria were extension type supracondylar fractures of humerus, Gaartland type III that closed reduction was unsuccessful and failed as the initial treatment.