infection in adults with community-acquired pneumonia and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Respiratory viruses associated with bronchiolitis Respiratory syncytial virus Rhinovirus Adenovirus Para-influenza virus (especially type 3) Influenza virus Human metapneumovirus
Bocavirus Coronavirus Measles virus
The RRP included influenza A, influenza B, RSV, rhinovirus/enterovirus, adenovirus, coronavirus NL62, human metapneumovirus
, and parainfluenza 1 through 4.
Dual infection of infants by human metapneumovirus
and human respiratory syncytial virus is strongly associated with severe bronchiolitis.
is a new virus which is generally reported in respiratory tract infections in children with a rate of 6% (2).
En sik saptanan viral etkenler sirasiyla rinovirus, respiratuar sin-sisyal virus A-B ve human metapneumovirus
Diagnosis and epidemiological studies of human metapneumovirus
using real-time PCR.
To further validate the specificity of this assay, NPA samples from healthy individuals (n = 11) and patients suffering from adenovirus (n = 11), respiratory syncytial virus (n = 11), human metapneumovirus
(n = 11), influenza A virus (n = 13), or influenza B virus (n = 1) infection were recruited as negative controls.
(HMPV), a paramyxovirus discovered in 2001, is a previously unrecognized cause of respiratory infections in infants, children, and adults (1).
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus
, parainfluenza viruses, and coronaviruses co-circulate with influenza during the fall and winter, while adenovirus and rhinovirus circulate throughout the year.
Other respiratory viruses are less common (parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus
, influenza virus, measles virus), or definitive attribution has yet to be established (e.