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Related to housemaid's knee: prepatellar bursitis
an adventitious occupational bursitis occurring over the area of contact when kneeling; not to be confused with infrapatellar bursitis.
Synonym(s): prepatellar bursitis
A swelling of the bursa in front of the patella just beneath the skin, caused by trauma, such as that brought about by excessive kneeling.
Etymology: AS, hus + maeden + cneow, knee
a chronic inflammation of the bursa in front of the kneecap, characterized by redness and swelling. It is caused by prolonged and repetitive pressure of the knee on a hard surface.
house·maid's knee(hows'mādz nē)
An adventitious occupational bursitis occurring over the tibial tuberosity, the area of contact when kneeling; not to be confused with infrapatellar bursitis.
1. The articulations formed by the distal femur, proximal tibia, and the patella. See: illustration
2. Any structure shaped like a semiflexed knee. Synonym: geniculum
Brodie kneeSee: Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins
carpetlayer's kneePrepatellar bursitis.
A colloquial term for internal derangement of the knee joint, characterized by pain or instability, locking, and weakness. It is usually the result of a torn internal cartilage, a fracture of the tibial spine, or an injury to the collateral or cruciate ligaments.
The knee should be immobilized with a posterior splint.
Arthroscopy and/or magnetic resonance imaging may be necessary for a definitive diagnosis.
housemaid's kneePrepatellar bursitis.
knee of internal capsule
The curve at the meeting place of the anterior and posterior limbs of the internal capsule of the brain.
A colloquial term for an overuse syndrome, marked by chronic inflammation and infrapatellar tendonitis, resulting from repetitive jumping or leg extension exercises. The usual treatment is nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, rest, and phonophoresis.
A condition in which the leg cannot be extended. It is usually due to displacement of meniscal cartilage or dislocation of the patella.
posterolateral corner knee
The ligamentous, capsular, and muscular structures that stabilize the knee against varus, external rotation, and anterior/posterior forces. Disruption of these structures can result in posterolateral rotary instability of the knee.
replacement of knee
Orthopedic implantation of a prosthetic knee joint, particularly useful in treating patients with severe disabling arthritis of the knee. See: arthroplasty
roofer's kneePrepatellar bursitis.
A colloquial term for several overuse conditions resulting from excessive exercise of the lower extremities. These may involve the extensor mechanism and other musculotendinous insertions. Patellar tendonitis (jumper's knee), patellofemoral dysfunction, iliotibial band syndrome, and pes anserinus tendonitis or bursitis have all been called by this term.
A medial alignment of the femur and tibia of less than 180°.Synonym: bandy leg; bowleg; genu valgum; tibia valga See: valgus
A lateral alignment of the femur and tibia of greater than 195°.Synonym: genu varum See: varus