housemaid's knee

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Related to housemaid's knee: prepatellar bursitis

house·maid's knee

an adventitious occupational bursitis occurring over the area of contact when kneeling; not to be confused with infrapatellar bursitis.

housemaid's knee

A swelling of the bursa in front of the patella just beneath the skin, caused by trauma, such as that brought about by excessive kneeling.

housemaid's knee

Etymology: AS, hus + maeden + cneow, knee
a chronic inflammation of the bursa in front of the kneecap, characterized by redness and swelling. It is caused by prolonged and repetitive pressure of the knee on a hard surface.

house·maid's knee

(hows'mādz nē)
An adventitious occupational bursitis occurring over the tibial tuberosity, the area of contact when kneeling; not to be confused with infrapatellar bursitis.


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1. The articulations formed by the distal femur, proximal tibia, and the patella. See: illustration
2. Any structure shaped like a semiflexed knee. Synonym: geniculum

Brodie knee

See: Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins

carpetlayer's knee

Prepatellar bursitis.

game knee

A colloquial term for internal derangement of the knee joint, characterized by pain or instability, locking, and weakness. It is usually the result of a torn internal cartilage, a fracture of the tibial spine, or an injury to the collateral or cruciate ligaments.

First Aid

The knee should be immobilized with a posterior splint.


Arthroscopy and/or magnetic resonance imaging may be necessary for a definitive diagnosis.

housemaid's knee

Prepatellar bursitis.

knee of internal capsule

The curve at the meeting place of the anterior and posterior limbs of the internal capsule of the brain.

jumper's knee

A colloquial term for an overuse syndrome, marked by chronic inflammation and infrapatellar tendonitis, resulting from repetitive jumping or leg extension exercises. The usual treatment is nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, rest, and phonophoresis.

locked knee

A condition in which the leg cannot be extended. It is usually due to displacement of meniscal cartilage or dislocation of the patella.

posterolateral corner knee

The ligamentous, capsular, and muscular structures that stabilize the knee against varus, external rotation, and anterior/posterior forces. Disruption of these structures can result in posterolateral rotary instability of the knee.

replacement of knee

Orthopedic implantation of a prosthetic knee joint, particularly useful in treating patients with severe disabling arthritis of the knee. See: arthroplasty

roofer's knee

Prepatellar bursitis.

runner's knee

A colloquial term for several overuse conditions resulting from excessive exercise of the lower extremities. These may involve the extensor mechanism and other musculotendinous insertions. Patellar tendonitis (jumper's knee), patellofemoral dysfunction, iliotibial band syndrome, and pes anserinus tendonitis or bursitis have all been called by this term.

valgus knee

A medial alignment of the femur and tibia of less than 180°.
Synonym: bandy leg; bowleg; genu valgum; tibia valga See: valgus

varus knee

A lateral alignment of the femur and tibia of greater than 195°.
Synonym: genu varum See: varus

housemaid's knee

References in periodicals archive ?
Is this the same as housemaid's knee and what's the best treatment?
Housemaid's knee is an irritation of the capsule of the joint caused by the repeated trauma of kneeling down (prepatellar bursitis).
Princess Anne's dog savages the Queen's Corgi, and another dog bites the housemaid's knee.
Housemaid's knee (red, rough skin on the kneecaps) and rough elbows look more downstairs than upstairs, so need to be tackled with a nourishing body scrub.
But even these are sumptiously furnished with not one, but two televisions, an en-suite bathroom and a selection of nice old books like Anne of Green Gables, Pride and Prejudice and How To Avoid Housemaid's Knee - no I made that last one up.
The only worry is new injuries for the club physio - washday red hands and housemaid's knee.
Obviously, I'd want a big swooshy dress, ringlets and dashing suitors but I'd probably end up in the scullery with housemaid's knee or the pox.
AVOID kneeling, as pressure may cause pain and swelling, known as housemaid's knee.
Certainly Janine suspects that Terry's latest lady friend could easily have housemaid's knees.