civilians taking a direct (or active) part in hostilities actually
in hostilities" broadly, targeting not only civilians whose acts
He reminded all Yemeni parties that the terms of cessation of hostilities
include an obligation to allow free and unhindered access for humanitarian supplies and personnel to all parts of Yemen, in addition to a full and comprehensive halt to military activities of any kind.
"It is clear that violence has increased in the past month and is nearing pre-cessation of hostilities
Any party engaged in military or para-military hostilities in Syria, other than "Daesh", "Jabhat al-Nusra", or other terrorist organizations designated by the UN Security Council will indicate to the Russian Federation or the United States, as co-chairs of the ISSG, their commitment to and acceptance of the terms for the cessation of hostilities by no later than 12:00 (Damascus time) on February 26, 2016.
In order to promote the effective implementation of the cessation of hostilities, the ISSG Ceasefire Task Force, co-chaired by the United States and Russia, has been established under UN auspices, including political and military officials from the co-chairs and other Task Force members; the UN Office of the Special Envoy for Syria (OSE) serves as secretariat.
Supreme Court was correct in setting the outer limit of this type of internment with the "end of active hostilities." (153) As Part III shows, IHL, seeking to prevent the abuse of government authority in war time, restricts the ability of States to manipulate the determination of the end of hostilities and thus the moment when the obligation to release attaches.
(155) The Obama administration, the habeas jurisprudence after Boumediene and the NDAA 2012, which codified that jurisprudence, have expanded the concept of status-based detention until the end of hostilities to groups that were once associated with Al Qaeda and those substantially supporting them.
Based on 2007-2012 statistics, the report issued two indices namely the Government Restrictions Index (GRI) and the Social Hostilities
2) The Social Hostilities
Index (SHI), which measures acts of religious hostility by private individuals, organisations or groups in society.
He explained that the "main purpose of the deployment of UNIFIL is to help the parties to cease hostilities
," adding that if a radical change in the situation occurred on the ground, the UN Security Council would be the only side capable of addressing the issue.
In an effort to bring clarity and consistency of application to this area of international humanitarian law (IHL), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) published its Interpretative Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities
Under International Humanitarian Law (Guidance) in May 2009.