host defense

host defense

The protection an organism is afforded against infections Types 
1. Nonimmunologic–eg, mucocutaneous or integumental barriers, cilia, microvilli; mechanical–eg, urinary outflow, vascular perfusion of tissues; native flora, which 'outcompete' pathogens;.
2. Immunologic–eg, chemotaxis, phagocytosis, immunoglobulins, complement, T cell defense.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pyroptosis is essential for antimicrobial host defense, But also promotes the concomitant release of inflammatory danger signals and leaderless cytokines that is detrimental during chronic inflammatory disease.
They conclude that diarrhea is critical to enteric pathogen clearance, and that IL-22 may play a key role in host defense.
Mucociliary clearance represents a host defense mechanism of airways that can be compromised by various pathologic conditions, such as nasal septal deviation.
He added, "The parliamentary committee would host Defense Ministry officials to see the details of the loan and then initiate the drafting of a parliamentary report that will be presented during the session of the House of Representatives after the legislative holiday end.
Later sections deal with disease mechanisms, characteristics of disease-causing microorganisms, host defense, control and treatment, and microbial infections.
FGI-101-1A6 targets and eliminates only the infected cells through induction of normal host defense mechanisms.
in patients with mycobacterial disease (6), and we will undoubtedly learn more about the host defense system from these patients in the future.
The research supported by this RFA will contribute to meeting the goals for host defense described in the NIAID Strategic Plan for Biodefense, which is located at: http://www2.
When the cyclophilin binds to the virus in monkeys, it helps the host defense fight the virus.
Further provided are therapeutic methods for treating disease states including, but not limited to, chronic pain syndromes, congenital pain insensitivity, inflammation, ischemia, host defense dysfunction, immune surveillance dysfunction, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, autoimmunity, immune dysfunction, and allergy.
Regardless of the mechanism of immune malfunction, the end result is the same--abnormal host defense mechanisms that can lead to the development of dysbiosis.
Small Nonpeptidic Mimics of Host Defense Proteins as Potential Antimalarial Drugs Under a grant received from the National Institute of Health (NIH), PolyMedix tested hundreds of its antimicrobial compounds and identified several new compounds that kill the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum.